Bioraphy of ADAM RIPPON in Short


(BORN 1989)

Adam didn’t want to go on the ice at first. It took a lot of encouragement from his mother before he’d even put on a pair of skates. Once he did, he found he loved it, and soon she was driving him for hours every week to get to lessons. He was ten years old.

When he first moved away from home to concentrate on skating full time, Adam had no money at all. He lived off free apples from his gym and slept in his trainer’s basement. Then things started going well, and Adam was winning medals and championships. He was gliding, leaping, and pirouetting across the ice like no one else, and it seemed as though he was unstoppable.

A few years later, he had won one of three spots on the US men’s Olympic team. He became the oldest first-time Olympic figure skater and the first openly gay American athlete to compete Being gay isn’t important to skating, but what is important to Adam is to make it a little more normal, so that kids everywhere have the courage to be who they are.

Until he hit a roadblock. Adam finished I’m like a witch, and you can’t kill me! Adam said. ‘I keep coming back every year, and every year I get better

eighth at nationals, which was amazing but it meant he wouldn’t make it to the Olympics. Then he landed badly during a practice session and broke his foot. Adam thought about quitting altogether. But while taking a break to work on routines for other skaters, he remembered how much he loved the sport and realized there was no way he could give it up.

Adam has a skating move named after him: the Rippon Lutz. How do you do it? Three backward jumps in a row with your arms held over your head.



(BORN 1996)

Every year, the floods crept closer and closer to Adeline’s house in Indonesia. Most kids would get excited – flooding meant school was canceled and they could spend the day playing but one day the water burst through Adeline’s garden fence and rushed into her house.

Her family had to hurriedly move everything important upstairs. When the electricity and running water were cut off, they had to leave their home altogether.

Adeline wanted to know why this was happening.

Her research taught her two things: one, global warming was causing water levels around the world to rise, increasing flooding. And two, the mangrove swamps of North Jakarta were being destroyed, which meant the giant networks of thick roots that had previously been there to absorb the impact of waves and wind were gone.

The mangrove swamps also provided habitats for many animals, filtered out pollution, and attracted different kinds of wildlife that could be harvested or eaten by local people. Their disappearance was felt by everyone.

One school holiday, Adeline gathered 150 friends and classmates to plant

mangrove saplings throughout a wildlife sanctuary. While planting the kids encountered monkeys, snakes, and lizards. They found themselves having fun, learning, and connecting with nature.

That day marked the birth of an organization that Adeline called Friends of Nature. Since then, it’s gone on to engage more than 25,000 students in over one hundred activities meant to preserve the natural world. They’ve planted coral in reefs to attract fish and promote eco-tourism, convinced hundreds of people to switch from driving cars to riding bikes, and set up remote villages with electricity generators that run on water.

Adeline believes that young people can be the environmental heroes of their own communities. By stepping up before it’s too late, we can help keep ourselves, and our planet, strong and healthy


Bioraphy of ANA NZINGA MBANDE in Short



In 1624, Ana became ruler of Ndongo, a state on the west coast of Africa. Her people were under attack on all sides The Portuguese were raiding nearby villages in search of people they could kidnap as slaves, while the surrounding African kingdoms were closing in.

Ana knew she had to change something She asked to meet with the Portuguese. Ana insisted on meeting them as equals. Although she knew that the Portuguese had brutally conquered various other parts of Africa, she wasn’t ready to bow down to them. When she saw that the governor, she was meeting with was sitting on the only chair in the room, she immediately told one and her assistants to get on her hands and knees and act as a chair for Ana so that she and the governor were equal.

To fend off the attacks, she made a treaty with Portugal and converted to Christianity.

But the Portuguese didn’t keep up their side of the deal Ana was forced to flee inland with her people.

There, far from the reach of her enemies, Ana established a new state called Matamba.

To increase its power, she took in runaway slaves and Africans who had been forced to become soldiers by the Portuguese. Her fighting force was organized and young boys left their families and lived with their militia groups. It was a hard life but it was necessary for the people of Matamba to survive.

Ana lived to be eighty-one. By the time she died, Matamba was seen as an equal to the Portuguese colony. With her clever tactics and refusal to surrender, Ana had saved her people from a life of enslavement.

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