Biographical Sketch For Online Practice Class 8

1.Read about Madame Curie, who was a Polish chemist and physicist and the first woman to have won a Nobel Prize.

When was she born and where?
7 November 1867-in Warsaw, Poland.

What did her parents do?
Her parents were teachers.

What was her full name?
Marie Curie, née Maria Sklodowska

What was her educational background?
At first, she received general education in local schools and some scientific training from her father. In 1891 she moved to Paris to continue her studies at the Sorbonne-obtained licentiateships in Physics and the Mathematical Sciences.

What was her profession?

She became the head of the Physics laboratory at the Sorbonne, gained her Doctor of Science degree in 1903. 1906-after the tragic death of Pierre Curie, she took his place as Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences, the first woman to ever occupy this position. She was also appointed Director of the Curie Laboratory in the Radium Institute of the University of Paris, founded in 1914.

What was she famous for?
1903-she was awarded half of the Nobel prize along with her husband 1911-she received a second Nobel in Chemistry for her work on radioactivity. Madame Curie developed methods for the separation of radium from radioactive residues which opened up new avenues in scientific research on radioactivity.

What was her personal life like?
She met Pierre Curie, Professor in the School of Physics, in 1894 and in the following year they were married. They had two daughters, Irene and Eve. Irene too received a Nobel prize jointly with her husband Frédéric Joliot in 1926. Eve is the author of a famous biography of her mother, Madame Curie, published in Paris in 1938.

What is her contribution to the society?
Madame Curie developed methods for the separation of radium from radioactive residues, which opened up new avenues in scientific research on radioactivity.

When did she die?
4 July 1934 in Savoy, France, after a short illness.

Madame Curie: a brief biographical sketch

Madame Marie Curie, née Maria Sklodowska, was born on 7 November 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. Her parents were teachers. She began her education in the local schools where she was taught general subjects, while her father gave her some special scientific training at home. In 1891, she moved to Paris where she continued her education in the University of Sorbonne. Here, she obtained licentiateships in Physics and the Mathematical Sciences.
In 1894, she met Pierre Curie, who was a professor in the School of Physics. They were married in the following year. They had two daughters, Irene and Eve. While Irene went on to win the Nobel Prize jointly with her husband, Frederic Joliot, in 1926, Eve is known for the famous biography that she wrote of her mother, Madame Curie, which was published in Paris in 1938.
Madame Curie became the head of the Physics laboratory at the Sorbonne, where she gained her Doctor of Science degree in 1903. After the tragic death of Pierre Curie in 1906, Madame Curie took his place as the Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences. She became the first woman ever to occupy this prestigious position. She was also appointed Director of the Curie Laboratory, founded in 1914, at the Radium Institute of the University of Paris.
In 1903, Madame Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize jointly with her husband. She received a second Nobel, in 1911, in Chemistry for her substantial work on radioactivity. In the field of chemistry, Madame Curie developed methods for the separation of radium from radioactive residues, which opened up new avenues in scientific research on radioactivity. She breathed her last on 4 July 1934 in Savoy, France, after a short illness.

 

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