Short Biography of ELLEN CRAFT, WILLIAM CRAFT, ELLEN MACARTHUR, EMMA GONZÁLEZ, | 200 Words | in English

Biography of ELLEN CRAFT & WILLIAM CRAFT in Short

ELLEN CRAFT & WILLIAM CRAFT
ELLEN CRAFT & WILLIAM CRAFT

(1826-1891) & (1824-1900)

Ellen and William were married slaves who belonged to different owners in Macon, Georgia As Fillen’s father was white she was born light skinned So light skinned that she was often confused for a member of the slaveowner’s family.
This gave William an idea Some of the states in America were free states. If you could make it to one of them, you would no longer be a slave: But two slaves travelling together to one of those places would be captured, sent back, and besten. A slaveowner and his slave however, could travel far more easily.
William cut Ellen’s hair short. She put on men’s trousers that she had sewed herself, glasses and a top hat. Lastly, they put her arm in a sling, 5o she wouldn’t be asked to read and sign anything.
The couple snuck away from their plantations and headed for Macon train station, where they bought tickets for Savannah, a town two hundred miles away. While William rode in the slaves carriage, Ellen sat nervously between.
two gentlemen in a separate carriage and pretended to be deal. From Savannah, the Crafts caught a steamboat to Philadelphia, one of the free states. Their journey had lasted four days.
On their first day of freedom, William and Ellen received their first reading lesson They eventually settled in Boston, where William became cabinetmaker and Ellen a seamstress.
Two years later, a slave hunter came looking for William and Ellen. They fled to England. For nineteen years, they lived in Surrey

Slavery was formally abolished in 1865 Three years later, the Crafts returned to America and set up a farm school for newly freed slaves.

Biography of ELLEN MACARTHUR in Short

ELLEN MACARTHUR
ELLEN MACARTHUR

(BORN 1976)

In the book Swallows and Amazors, two families of children spend a summer sailing their boats around a lake, camping under the stars, and fishing for their dinner. As she lay in bed reading it, Ellen dreamed of one day captaining her own boat.
She saved her school dinner money for three years, until finally buying her first dinghy. It was named Threp’ny Bir, after an old British coin that used to be worth one eightieth of a pound.
When she was eighteen, Ellen sailed around the whole of Britain. She was hooked and started racing in competitions that spanned the globe.
After several failed attempts, she tried to break the world record for fastest solo around the world journey. Ellen sailed nonstop for twenty-four hours a day, never sleeping for longer than twenty minutes at a time.
But she had support.
The British public cheered her on from their living rooms, following her progress through video diaries recorded as her boat was thrown mercilessly about by fifty-foot waves.
Ellen broke the record, completing the trip in seventy-one days, fourteen hours, eighteen minutes, and thirty-three seconds. Her voyage made her famous and Ellen wanted to do something useful with her fame.
She’d had a lot of time to think while she was sailing alone. She thought about how people had once hunted whales until there were almost none left. She thought about how, unless something changes, by 2050 there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish. She realized that unless we changed the way we were doing things, we were going to use up everything on our planet.

It hurt but she decided to walk away from racing to set up her own charity. The Ellen MacArthur Foundation aims to shift the world towards a more sustainable way of living. Hopefully, it will help preserve the ocean for future generations of young sailors.

Biography of EMMA GONZÁLEZ in Short

EMMA GONZÁLEZ
EMMA GONZÁLEZ

(BORN 1999)

Every year, over thirty thousand people in America are killed by guns. In the United Kingdom, the number is around fifty Guns are legal to buy and own in most states of America. In the United Kingdom, guns are illegal.
On 14th February 2018, an ex-student stormed into Emma González’s school with a semi-automatic rifle and killed seventeen people, most of them students. It was the 208th school shooting in America since 1999.
It left Emma and her classmates traumatized. They had been trapped for two terrifying hours in their own school hall, fearing for their lives.
As the students mourned for their lost friends, they also called out for change. Why are guns so easy to get hold of? they asked. Why are they legal when they aren’t making thing safer? Who is going to help us achieve change?
They joined a fight that had been raging for years. While some Americans desire the freedom to own guns, others demand the right to live in a society that’s free of them. Emma captured America’s attention. She made stirring speeches and heartfelt pleas to the
lawmakers of her country, asking for stricter gun laws. On behalf of her lost friends, she demanded change.
Before the tragedy. Emma had been a student who enjoyed art, astronomy and writing, led her school’s gay straight alliance, and shaved her head to keep cool in the Florida heat. After the tragedy, she became the most visible anti-gun campaigner in the world.
Emma organized March for Our Lives, a peaceful protest event that took place on 24th March, in support of new gun control laws. Between 1.3 and 2 million people took part, making it the largest student protest in American history.
‘After all of this pain and all of this death caused by gun violence’, Emma said, ‘it seems as if the kids are the only ones who still have the energy to make change’.

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