Target 15-Nouns

singular and Plural Noun

English nouns are either counted or non-count count nouns are things we can be

counted. You can put numbers in front of them. They have both singular plural

Forms.

I read one  book last week

read a book last month.

Non-count nouns cannot be counted. You cannot put numbers in front of them. They

only have singular forme

1 drank some milk

He paid a lot for that goblet.

when a count noun refers to one thing, use the singular form. When it refers to more

then one thing, use the plural form

There is one house on this street

There are many houses on this street.

PRACTICE

Bead the paragraph from a student essay. Choose the correct form of the work

Many 1…………………….spend a lot of time in front of the TV. Some may spend

 (child/children

five or more 2…………a day watching TV. This is too much. Even one

hour hours)

3………..a day is too much TV time in my opinion. Some4……….

(hour hours)                                                                                          parent parents

allow this but others limit TV time. I think this is a good 5……………………………….………. Young

  (practice practices

6…………………should spend more time reading 7………………….playing

person people)                                                                       (book/books

8…………………..and helping their 9………………. I believe that a

game/games)                               parent parents

10………….. who spends less time in front of the TV will grow up to become

(child/children)

a more intelligent and creative 11……………

(adult/adults)

 Forming the Plural

Add 3

The plural of most nouns slowly adding at the end of the noun

chair chairs

idea/ideas

profession/professions

Nouns ending in y

For nouns ending in a consonant. There is a spring change. Change the yo le and the

THE

adds

country/countries

supply supplies

library/libraries

For nouns that end in a way, there is no spelling change. Simply add to for in the plural

TOY/TO

delay/delays

valley/valleys

Nouns ending in-ch, -sh

Far nouns ending in these ways, the plural is formed by adding an extra-es

PROCESS

arch/arches

crash/crashes

box/boxes

Nouns ending in a consonant+0

Many nouns that end in this way form the plural by adding-es

echo/echoes

hero/heroes

potato/potatoes

Nouns ending in-for-fe

For most nouns ending in this way, the plural is formed by changing the force to-ve and

adding-

life/lives

knife/knives

loaf loaves

Be careful. Nouns that end in – ff form the plural simply by adding-s.

cuff/cuffs

sniff/sniffs

spelling Change

For some bolins, the plural is formed by changing the spelling of the word there are not

patterns for these irregular plural forms. You just have to learn them. Here are some of the

most common ones:

child/children                person people               mouse/mice

woman/women              foot/feet                     goose geese

man/men                          tooth/teeth                        ox/oxen

These words don’t change. The singular and plural forms are the same.

Sheep             fish (fishes is also used in some cases)

Deer                series

Moose           species

Nationalities

Like other count nouns, words that refer to nationalities have singular and plural forms. In

most cases, the plural is formed by adding to the end of the word. However, the plural form

of nationality words that end with ese is the same as the singular form.

Canadian – Canadians          Greek – Greeks

German – Germans            Japanese Japanese

PRACTICE 2

Write the plural form of each word.

I shelf

2 zero

3 museum

4 tourist

5 person

6 dictionary

7 bus

8 knife

9 passenger

10 tomato

11 tax

12 play

13 thief

14 Chinese

15 Mexican

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