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The Conjunction English Grammar For Class 6

The Conjunction

A Conjunction is a word which is used to join together two or more words, phrases or sentences.
Here are some examples of Conjunctions:
• and • if • what • but as while • although • until • because • yet • before • still • after • unless
Study the following sentences carefully: 
1. Sita sang and Gita danced.
2. Jack and Jill went up the hill.
3. You will catch the train if you go now. 
4. They played badly, yet they won the match.
5. The train started when the guard blew the whistle.
6. We played well, but we lost the match badly. 
7. I cannot lift the box because it is very heavy.
8. You will miss the train unless you walk fast. 
9. He finished his homework before he went to bed.
10. Although he worked hard yet he failed. 
11. Let us wait until it stops raining.
12. My father went for a walk after he had finished his dinner.
13. I listened to the radio while my mother was cooking.
14. I could not come to school as I was sick.
15. He was tired, still he worked hard. 
A conjunction is used for joining one sentence to another sentence.
Study the following examples:
1. By using ‘and’:
Examples:
1. These grapes are fresh. These grapes are juicy.
 These grapes are fresh and juicy.
2. The children came to the park. They played there happily. 
The children came to the park and they played there happily.

2. By using ‘but’:
Examples:
1. Sapna is very rich. Sapna does not enjoy her life. 
Sapna is very rich, but does not enjoy her life. 
2. Rajesh did not go to school. He went to see a movie. 
Rajesh did not go to school, but went to see a movie.

Exercise 1
Join each pair of sentences (using ‘and’ and ‘but’):
1. Mahatma Gandhi worked for the nation. Mahatma Gandhi died for the nation.
2. Shashi tried hard. Shashi failed.
3. Hari was not there. His sister was there.

3. By using ‘or’, ‘else’, ‘otherwise’ and ‘unless’:
Examples:
1. Walk fast. You will miss the train.
Walk fast or you will miss the train. 
2. You cannot go home. You have completed the work.com
You cannot go home unless you have completed the work.
3. Hurry up. You will be late for school. 
Hurry up, otherwise you will be late for school. 
4. Give me water to drink. I shall die of thirst.
Give me water to drink, else I shall die of thirst.

Exercise 2
Join each pair of sentences by using ‘or’, ‘else’, ‘otherwise’ and ‘unless’: 
1. I will not attend the meeting. I am invited.
2. Shut the door. The dog will get out.
3. Stop running. You will get out of breath.
4. You cannot pass. You work hard.
5. Run fast. You will miss the bus.
6. He cannot work properly. He possesses good health.
7. Is your sister’s new baby a boy? Is your sister’s new baby a girl?

4. By using ‘so’, ‘therefore’, ‘because’, ‘as’ and ‘since’:
Examples:
Raman failed in the examination. He was idle. 
Raman was idle, therefore he failed in the examination.
or
Raman failed in the examination because he was idle.
or 
As Raman was idle, he failed in the examination.
or
Since Raman was idle, he failed in the examination.

Exercise 3
Join and rewrite the following sentences by using ‘so’, ‘therefore’, ‘because’, ‘as’ and ‘since’:
1. He is respected. He is kind.
2. They need a large house. They have a big family.
3. We drove home carefully. It was snowing.
4. I could not study. I was very tired.
5. I like that coat. It is warm.
6. I could not attend the meeting. I was not well.

5. By using though, although, still.
Examples:
He was poor. He was happy. 
He was poor, though he was happy.
or
Although he was poor yet he was happy.
or
He was poor, still he was happy.

Exercise 4
Join the following pairs of sentences by using ‘though’, although’ or ‘still’: 
1. The old man is very poor. The old man is satisfied.
2. I am poor. I will not cheat anybody.
3. It was a slow movie. I enjoyed it.
4. She belongs to a rich family. She is miserly.
5. Daniel was very wise. The king did not trust him.
6. Rita is ill. She will come to school.

Exercise 5
Fill in the blanks with suitable Conjunctions, choosing from the given options:
1. I dismissed my house-help …………….. he did not obey my order.
(i) because (ii) for (iii) as
2. ……………. he was not there, I talked to his brother. 
(ii) as (i) since (iii) because
3. She is cheerful, …………. everybody likes her. 
(i) therefore (ii) so (iii) as
4. Don’t tease the dog, …………… it may bite you.
(i) for (ii) otherwise  (iii) if
5. ……………. You ……………. your brother must do this work.
(i) Either, or (ii) Both, and (iii) Neither, nor
6. His handwriting is good ……………. his spellings are weak.
(i) and (ii) but  (iii) or
7. Wait here …………. I come back. 
(i) until (ii) till (iii) soon
8. …………. take it …………. leave it.
(i) Either, or (ii) Both, and  (iii) Neither, nor
9. She finished first, ……………. she started late.
(i) yet  (ii) since  (iii) although
10. ……………. you tell me the truth, I shall not forgive you. 
(i) Unless (ii) Until (iii) Till then
11. The Sun sets in ……………. the night falls.
(i) when (ii) and (iii) but
12. He will come ……… on Monday ……. Tuesday.
(i) neither, not (ii) both, or  (iii) either, or
13. He is so weak ………… he cannot move.
(i) that  (ii) if (iii) but
14. ……………. someone slaps you on your right cheek, offer him your left cheek.
(i) if (ii) until (iii) till
15. She has not come to school ……………. she fell ill.
(i) because (ii) for  (iii) as

Exercise 6
Underline the Conjunctions in the following sentences: 
1. They should work hard, or they will suffer.
2. He told me that he could not help me.
3. The snake charmer opened the basket and a cobra came 
4. He worked hard, still he could not secure a rank.
5. My friend is very honest and intelligent.
6. Ratna is intelligent but lazy. 
7. If John works hard, he will succeed.
8. He has made sincere effort, therefore he is sure to succeed.
9. You should wait here till your sister returns. 
10. Punit could not attend the first period because he was late.

Exercise 7
Join the following pairs of sentences using the Conjunction given in brackets and rewrite the new sentence:
1. You work hard. You will fail. (unless)
2. We could not go out. There was a storm. (because)
3. She is rich. She is a miser. (although)
4. They want to win the match. They must play carefully. (if)
5. I rang the bell. No one answered. (but)
6. He lived in Delhi. He came to Chennai. (before)
7. I arrived at the station. The platform was empty. (when)
8. She went to school. She recovered from illness. (after)
9. We waited. The cobbler repaired the shoes. (while)
10. He wants to get well. He must take rest. (if)
11. He tried hard. He could not win the match. (although)
12. He will not attend the party. He is going to Varanasi. (as)
13. She won’t go away. You promise to help her. (until)
14. Raman was idle. He failed in the examination. (therefore)
15. Run fast. You cannot win the race. (unless)

Exercise 8
Join together the following pairs of sentences by using the words in brackets:
1. I was sad. I heard the news. (when)
2. We don’t know. He is arrested. (why)
3. You are tired. You should take rest. (as)
4. Revise your lessons regularly. You may forget them. (otherwise)
5. I worked hard. I failed. (still)
6. He can play cricket. He can play golf. (and)
7. He is rich. He is unhappy. (but)
8. The last bus has also left. I am walking back home. (therefore)
9. You do not meet him. You will not get help from him. (if)
10. The principal entered the class. The teacher was teaching. (while)

 


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