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The Pronoun English Grammar For Class 6

The Pronoun

 

Pronoun is a word used in place of a Noun. It is of the same person, gender and number as the Noun for which it is used.

Example.

Rohan bought a pen. Rohan kept the pen in Rohan’s almirah. Rohan bought a pen. He kept it in his almirah.

In this sentence, ‘he’ and ‘it’ are Pronouns. Thus Pronouns are substitutes for Nouns to avoid repetition.

KINDS OF PRONOUNS

There are nine kinds of Pronouns:

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Interrogative Pronouns
  3. Demonstrative Pronouns 4. Possessive Pronouns
  4. Indefinite Pronouns
  5. Reflexive Pronouns
  6. Emphatic Pronouns
  7. Distributive Pronouns 
  8. Relative Pronouns
  9. PERSONAL PRONOUNS

A Pronoun which stands for a person or a thing is called a Personal Pronoun.

Personal Pronouns are of three types:

  1. First Person: The Pronouns which refer to the person or persons speaking are of the First Person. 

For example- I, mine, me, we, ours, us

Note: ‘my’ and ‘our’ are of the First Person but are used as Possessive Adjectives.

  1. Second Person: The Pronouns which refer to the person or persons spoken to are of the Second Person. For example, you, yours, thou, thee
  2. Third Person: The Pronouns which refer to the persons or things spoken about are of the Third Person. For example, he, she, it, him, his, her, its, they, them, theirs

Look at the following table:

 

First Person – I, me [Singular]

We, us [Plural]

Second Person – You [Singular]

You [Plural]

Third Person – He & him (mas.), She & her (fem.), It (neuter) [Singular]

They, them [Plural]

First Person – Used for both Masculine and Feminine Gender

Second Person – Used for both Masculine and Feminine Gender

Third Person  -Used for Masculine, Feminine and Neuter Gender

 

Use of Personal Pronouns

  1. When the Pronouns of different persons are used in a sentence, we use the second person first, the third person at the second place and the first person at the end (follow the sequence 2, 3, 1).

Examples:

  1. You, he and I shall go to Mumbai. 
  2. You and he have finished your work.
  3. He and I have done our duty.
  1. The use of ‘We’: A speaker, while speaking of himself and pointing to other persons, may use ‘we’ instead of ‘I’.

Examples:

  1. Let us bask in the Sun.
  2. We had a jolly good time in Gulmarg.
  1. The use of ‘You’: For the person or persons spoken to, we use “you’.

Examples:

  1. You must mend your ways. 
  2. You are not the member of our party.
  1. The use of It’: For young children, animals and non-living objects, it is used.

Examples:

  1. The baby loves to be with its mother.
  2. I have bought a new pen; everybody has liked it.
  3. It is ten by my watch. (Time)
  4. It is clear today. (Weather)
  1. INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

Interrogative Pronouns are used for asking questions.

Examples:

  1. Who are you?
  2. Whose pen is this?
  3. Whom do you want to see?
  4. Which is your book?
  5. What are you doing?

In the above sentences, the Pronouns Who, Whose, Whom, Which, What are used to ask questions, therefore they are called Interrogative Pronouns.

Who, Whom and Whose are used for asking questions about persons. Which is used for asking questions about a particular person or a thing. What is used for things only.

 

Interrogative Pronouns and Interrogative Adjectives 

Words like What and Which can be used as Interrogative Pronouns and also as Interrogative Adjectives.

Read the following sentences:

What is your problem? (Interrogative Pronoun)

What problem did you face? (Interrogative Adjective)

Which is the late train? (Interrogative Pronoun)

Which train is late? (Interrogative Adjective)

 

  1. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

A Demonstrative Pronoun is used to point out the object or objects to which it refers.

Examples:

  1. This is my book.
  2. That is your bike.
  3. These are her toys.
  4. Those are our friends.

Words like this, that, those and these are used to point out the objects. These are, therefore, called Demonstrative Pronouns.

This and that are used in the Singular form, whereas these and those are used in the Plural form.

This and these refer to things at hand. That and those refer to things lying at a distance.

 

  1. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

A Pronoun that shows possession is called a Possessive Pronoun.

Examples:

  1. This shirt is mine.
  2. I gave him my pen; he has lost his.
  3. We bought this house; it is ours.
  4. That doll is hers.

Words like mine, his, ours and hers show possession. These are used in place of Nouns, so they are Possessive Pronouns.

 

Possessive Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives

This is not my pen. Mine is new.

In this sentence, the word ‘my’ is used as a Possessive Adjective and, in the second sentence, the word ‘mine’ is used for my pen. So it is used as a Pronoun.

Like most Adjectives, a Possessive Adjective is placed before a Noun. A Possessive Pronoun is used in place of a Noun. Let us learn about the form which the Possessive Pronouns take:

  1. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

Indefinite Pronouns are those Pronouns which refer to pesons or things in a general way. They do not refer to any particular person or thing.

Examples:

  1. Somebody has stolen my T.V.
  2. One must do one’s duty. 
  3. Everybody’s business is nobody’s business.
  4. None of these apples is ripe.
  5. Do good to others.
  1. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

Pronouns in which action of the subject reflects or turns back on the subject itself are called Reflexive Pronouns.

Examples:

  1. He injured himself.
  2. You hurt yourself.
  3. We enjoyed ourselves.
  4. I injured myself.
  5. She blamed herself for the mistake.

This is how Personal Pronouns change to Reflexive Pronouns:

 

  1. EMPHATIC PRONOUNS

A Pronoun used to convey emphasis is called the Emphatic Pronoun.

Examples:

  1. I myself locked the door.
  2. She herself demanded help.
  3. The wall itself fell.
  4. You yourself asked for money.
  5. We ourselves heard him saying so.
  6. They themselves sent the complaint.
  1. DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUNS

Distributive Pronouns are those pronouns which refer to persons or things one at a time. These Pronouns are always singular and are always followed by verbs in the singular form.

 

Examples:

Each of them takes part in the game. 

Either of the two roads leads to Ambala.

Neither of them shows his identity.

‘Each’ refers to two or more persons taken one by one.

‘Either’ means one or the other. ‘Neither’ is, of course, the negative of either.

 

  1. RELATIVE PRONOUNS

The Pronouns ‘who’, ‘whose’, ‘whom’, ‘that’ and ‘which’ join two sentences and refer to nouns going before them. These are called Relative Pronouns.

Exercise 1

Fill in the blanks with ‘who’, ‘ whom’, ‘whose’, ‘which’ or ‘that’.

  1. She was wearing a frock ………… her mother had given.
  2. This is the boy ………. father is an acrobat.
  3. This is the house ……….. my uncle built. 
  4. I thanked the man ……….. saved my son.
  5. This is the man ……….. house has been burgled.
  6. Look at the clock ……….. is on the wall. 
  7. I do not like the shirt ……….. he is wearing.
  8. This is the book …….. I like the most.

Exercise 2

Write questions for the following given answers. Use Interrogative Pronouns like ‘what’, ‘who’, ‘which’, ‘whose’ or ‘whom’. Refer the given example. car.

Example: Answer My father drove the

Question Who drove the car?

  1. This is Sarita’s bag.
  2. He is the one whom I like the most.
  3. I gave the book to Rita.
  4. The birds are eating the com.
  5. The English book is mine.
  6. Neha fell down.
  7. The boys took him to the hospital.
  8. This is his book.
  9. She was wearing a frock that her mother had given her.
  10. She stood first in the class.

Exercise 3

Fill in the blanks with Pronouns.

I slept well that night. When I woke up, the room was full of sunshine. ……….. was a pretty room, much prettier than the one …….. had in my village……. ……… felt hopeful. A new life was in front of ……….. I got up, washed and dressed myself……. went outside. ………. saw that the house was a very big one.

Exercise 4

Fill in the blanks with suitable Personal Pronouns.

  1. A bird builds………………… nest to lay eggs.
  2. His father is a doctor………. is a nice man.
  3. They took no notice of me; ……….. do not want to go there again.
  4. Did you see Satish? ……….  is my friend.
  5. The teacher shouted at her and me, still ……….. respect …………….
  6. Obey your parents ……… are your real well-wishers.
  7. Wait here till …………. complete our work.
  8. Shyam has lost his dog and could not find ……………..
  9. This book is mine. I gave ……. to her.
  10. I gave her a pen ……….. thanked me.

Exercise 5

Fill in the blanks with Demonstrative Pronouns.

  1. ……….. flowers are lovely.
  2. …………… is the book I purchased last year.
  3. …………. are stale fruits.
  4. ………….. is my father’s old house.
  5. ………. are our fields; ………are yours.

6………. is a very expensive toy.

  1. ……… are cotton clothes.
  2. ……. is my house; …….. is yours.
  3. ……… are mere excuses.
  4. The climate of Shimla is better than …….. of Delhi.

Exercise 6

Rewrite the following sentences as shown in the example.

Example: This dog belongs to you.

This dog is yours.

  1. This house belongs to us.
  2. These orchards belong to you.
  3. This cricket bat does not belong to me.
  4. These toys do not belong to her.
  5. This book does not belong to you.

Exercise 7

Rewrite the following sentences by filling in the blanks with the words given in the box:

yours, his, theirs, mine, hers, ours

  1. It was his mistake.   The mistake was ………..
  2. This is my chair.      This chair is ………..
  3. These were our jackets.     These jackets were …………
  4. These are her frocks.       These frocks are………….
  5. These sweets are for you.       These sweets are …………..
  6. Those are their flowers.         Those flowers are …………

Exercise 8

Fill in the blanks with Indefinite Pronouns.

  1. ……….of them were Germans.
  2. ………. are quite well.
  3. He does not want to buy ………. of these books.
  4. ……….are not happy.
  5. ……….should do one’s best. 
  6. …………can jump over this wall.
  7. Do you have  ………… pen? No, I don’t.
  8. ………… has stolen my watch.
  9. ………… are not in our town.

Exercise 9

Fill in the blanks with the correct choice of Reflexive or Emphatic Pronouns.

  1. You…….. did it

(1) yourself  (ii) only  (iii) your (iv) myself

  1. She jumped  ………… and fell down.

(i) herself  (ii) himself (iii) myself (iv) ourselves

  1. He …….. said these words 

(i) myself (ii) yourself (iii) himself  (iv) herself

  1. The building ………. fell down

(i) itself  (ii) themselves (iii) that (iv) himself

  1. I saw …….. in the mirror

(1) ourself  (ii) myself  (iii) yourself  (iv) himself

  1. My mother ……… told me the secret 

1) herself (ii) themselves (iii) has  (iv) himself

  1. He hurt ……….

(i) herself (ii) themselves (ii) himself (iv) me

  1. We must do it ………. 

(i) ourselves (ii) themselves (iii) himself (iv) yourself

  1. Did she do the work ……….?

 (i) herself (ii) himself (iii) in time (iv) timely

  1. He ……… went to see his ailing friend. 

(i) alone (ii) only (iii) himself (iv) herself

Exercise 10

Fill in the blanks with Distributive Pronouns.

  1. ……… of the two pens is yours. 
  2. ………of these girls will get the scholarship.
  3. ……… of the roads will take you to Jaipur.
  4. We took ……… side.
  5. ……… of them is taking part in the drama.
  6. ……… statement is true.
  7. ……… one of them sang a song.
  8. ……… of these boys was given a prize.
  9. ……… did his best.
  10. of these children has taken money.

Exercise 11

Join and rewrite the following sentences, using appropriate Pronouns:

Example:

Last evening I saw a man. He could paint with his feet.

 Last evening I saw a man who could paint with his feet.

  1. This is a road. The road leads to the railway station.
  2. This is a man. His arm was blown off in a war.
  3. He has a friend. The friend is a painter.
  4. The meeting was held in the Town Hall. The Town Hall is in the heart of the city.
  5. I thanked the doctor. He had cured my dog.
  6. She has lost the watch. It was presented to her.
  7. We met the sailors. Their ship was wrecked in the storm.
  8. He narrated a story. It was pathetic.
  9. I met a boy. He was smart and handsome.
  10. He was a leader. All people respected him.
  11. She gave the answer. Her answer was not right.
  12. Here are the comic books. I bought them for you.
  13. The child is called an orphan. His parents are dead.
  14. This is Rita. I have known her for long.

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