Words Often Confused Worksheet Free Practice For Class 8
- Access — approach: Students should have easy access to their teachers.
— site to open a computer file: The system had crashed, so I could not access the site.
Excess — more than enough, too much: Excess of anything creates problems. We should have things in adequate quantities but not in excess.
- Adapt – to suit; to adjust: You will be happy if you adapt yourself to your circumstances.
Adopt — to take up: It is unethical to seek success by adopting unfair means. If each educated person adopts one uneducated child, the problem of illiteracy can be solved.
- Affect — to pretend: The guilty persons affected ignorance of law.
— to produce an effect: Overwork may affect your health.
Effect— result, impression: The tablet that I took for my headache had no effect.
- Altar – place of worship: The pilgrims knelt at the altar and worshipped God.
Alter – to change: If we alter our programme without informing others, they may object to it.
- Alternate – I go to a dance class on alternate days.
Alternative — I am afraid I have no alternative but to accept this job.
- Artist – one who practises a fine art: Painters, poets and musicians are artists
Artisan – one who practises a handicraft: Carpenters and potters are artisans.
- Award– a prize or certificate given to a person for doing something well: All children have won awards for showing great courage.
Reward – something which is given in return for a favour or for a job well done The assistant was given a suitable reward for his honesty.
- Canvas – coarse cloth; a piece of such cloth meant for painting: Canvas shoes are cheap but comfortable. Hussain made a painting on a huge canvas.
Canvass – to request people for votes: During the elections, all the candidates came to our colony to canvass for votes.
- Cast – to throw: The fisherman cast a net to catch fish.
Caste– social class in Hindu society: In cities people often marry outside their caste.
Cost– This dress costs far more than I can afford.
- Childish — like a child, used in a negative sense; silly: Though Ritesh is quite grown up, he usually behaves in a childish manner.
Childlike like a child, used in a positive sense: innocent: Whosoever meets Sania is impressed with her childlike simplicity.
- Conscience – sense of right or wrong: My conscience made me confess my guilt.
Conscious– aware that something is happening: We soon became conscious that our friends were not telling us the whole truth
- Council – assembly; a group of people that takes decisions: The government has appointed a council to promote exports.
Counsel– advice: Soon I was convinced that my father had given me a wise counsel lawyer: Our counsel advised us to say nothing more,
- Credible – believable: Though fairy tales are hardly credible, children find them quite interesting
Credulous – a person who believes things easily: Credulous people often get deceived.
Creditable – worthy of credit worthy of praise: Although it was Madhavi’s first appearance on the stage, she gave a creditable performance
- Defer – to postpone: The meeting had to be deferred because most of the members were absent.
Differ – to disagree: Young people often differ with their parents on the choice of a career.
- Deny – to deny something is to say that it is not true: She denied she had ever taken a loan from me. Refuse – we refuse to do something: All of his friends refused to help him.
- Desert – (noun) sandy region, a region where nothing grows: Deserts are usually very hot during the day and very cold at night
– (verb) to leave without permission, to stop supporting Some soldiers who had deserted the army were later caught and punished.
Dessert – the last course of a meal, usually a sweet dish or a fruit course: Ice cream, fruit and puddings are popular desserts.
- Desirable something worth wishing for: Being conveniently hall is a desirable venue for the wedding. located, this banquet
Desirous – having a desire: I am desirous of pursuing higher studies at Oxford.
- Destination – the place where one wants to reach: Our destination was Jim Corbett National Park.
Destiny – fate; what we believe will definitely happen to us: The destiny of our nation depends upon the outcome of these elections.
- Eligible– fit to be chosen: People below eighteen are not eligible to vote.
Illegible– something that cannot be read: Many students suffer in the examination because their writing is illegible.
- Eminent– distinguished: An eminent educationist presided over the Annual Day celebrations.
Imminent – something that is expected to happen in the near future: A strike by the discontented workers looks imminent.
- Famous – widely known: Vikram Seth is a famous Indian novelist writing in English.
Notorious– of evil reputation: Many notorious terrorists have been caught and punished recently.
- Farmer – peasant: Indian farmers are usually dependent on rains for the cultivation of their land
Former – first in position: Uma and Rashmi are sisters. The former is the younger of the two.
- Gamble — a game of chance usually played for money: Many people take to gambling in order to become rich quickly.
Gambol – to skip about: It is a delight to see the deer gambolling in the fields.
- Graceful– pleasing: We were fascinated by the graceful movements of the dancer
Gracious — kind and polite: It was gracious of the loser to congratulate the winner.
- Hail frozen rain drops: The rain was accompanied with hailstones. to praise. 3 Idiots was hailed as a masterpiece. – to come from: What part of the country do you hail from?
Hale – healthy: He was relieved to see his grandfather hale and hearty.
- Historic – important: Man’s landing on the moon was a historic moment for mankind.
Historical – relating to history: We enjoyed our trip to the historical buildings of the capital.
- Hoard – to store things: Businessmen often hoard goods to sell them later at higher prices.
Horde – a large group of people: Large hordes of savage people invaded Rome and destroyed it.
- Honorary – holding an office without receiving a pay: Dr Sood is an hone doctor in the local hospital but he looks after the patients well.
Honourable – worthy of honour: The honourable Prime Minister addressed the nation on this occasion.
- Industrial – relating to industry: Industrial waste is a major cause of pollution
Industrious – hard-working: Intelligence is not enough to show good result it is equally important to be industrious.
- Judicial – pertaining to law: A judicial enquiry was ordered into the illegal sale of agricultural land. Judicious – wise: We should be very judicious in choosing our profession.
- Lessen – to reduce (a verb formed from less’): You should lessen your expenditure if you want to save money.
Lesson – work set for a pupil: The teacher asked Julie if she had learnt her lesson. – moral: We must learn a lesson from others’ experience.
- Lightening – making light (lighten’ is a verb formed from ‘light’); The new budget instead of lightening the burden of the common man, has actually added to it.
Lightning — electric flash in the clouds: Rain is often accompanied with thunder and lightning
- Loan – something that is lent: We took a loan from the bank for buying a new car
Lone – solitary, the only one: Ruth was the lone worker in the field.
- Lovable – worthy of love: The teacher’s lovable nature wins her the admiration of all her students.
Lovely – beautiful, pleasing: Our front lawn is full of lovely flowers.
- Marry: The princess refused to marry the man of her father’s choice.
Merry – happy and cheerful: We wished our friends a merry Christmas.
- Medal – Atul was awarded a gold medal for getting full marks in Mathematics in the board examination Meddle – to interfere: Sukhbir is notorious for meddling in the affairs of his neighbours.
- Metal: Gold is a precious metal.
Mettle – spirit, courage: This war is going to test the mettle of our soldiers.
- Memorable – worth remembering: Last evening, Hema Malini gave a memorable dance performance Memorial – some statue or building that serves to preserve the memory of something: A memorial was built to the memory of the brave soldiers killed in the war.
- Patrol – to walk up and down to guard something. During riots the army was ordered to patrol the streets Petrol: Our car ran out of petrol and we had to tow it to the nearest petrol pump.
- Popular – liked by a lot of people, pleasing: Tom and Jerry is a popular cartoon show on television Populous – full of people: Epidemics spread fast in populous areas
- Pore – a tiny opening on the skin: Our body has a very large number of pores on its surface.
Pour: Shall 1 pour you some tea?
- Practical — the word refers to things that are done instead of being talked about: We spend half of our science classes doing practical experiments.
– sensible: High-heeled shoes are not very practical for long walks.
Practicable – that which can be translated into action: Your plan is attractive but not practicable.
- Precede – to go before: Duty should precede everything. Proceed – to move forward: Tomorrow morning we are proceeding from Ambala to Shimla.
- Propose – to make a suggestion: Some teachers proposed that teaching hours should be reduced. Purpose – object, aim: Clearly mention the purpose for which you need this loan.
- Respectable – worthy of respect: A person becomes respectable only by his noble conduct.
Respectful – showing respect: We may not agree with our elders but we must be respectful to them.
- Right: It needs great courage to stick to the right.
The student sitting on my right is the head boy of the school.
We should be prepared to fight for our rights.
Rite – ceremony: Among the Hindus, funeral rites are usually performed by one’s eldest son.
Write: I am trying to write dialogues for a movie.
- Stair: A flight of stairs led me to an elegantly furnished flat.
Stare – to look very hard and for a long time: Continuous staring brings tears to one’s eyes.
- Stationary – still, motionless: For a long time, astronomers have believed the sun to be stationary.
Stationery – writing material: The school bookshop sells stationery at reasonable rates.
- Vale – valley: From the top of the mountain we could have a full view of the lovely vale below.
Veil – a covering: The thief succeeded in running away under the veil of darkness.
- Yoke – a wooden frame which is put round the neck of an animal so that it can pull a cart: The horse was put into the yoke.
Yolk — the yellow part of an egg: Yolk is a rich source of proteins.
- Accept, Except
Accept (Opposite of reject, to receive, to promise to pay): She has accepted my invitation to visit my house.
Except (leaving out): All except Rita were present in the class.
- Advice, Advise
Advice (Counsel, instruction): A sincere friend always gives good advice.
Advise (to give advice, to inform, to notify): The Principal advised the students to work hard.
- Affect, Effect
Affect (to act upon, to pretend): The murderer affected madness in the court.
Effect (result): Her advice had no effect on him.
- Amiable, Amicable
Amiable (having or showing a friendly disposition): Anju is an amiable person.
Amicable (agreeable): Both of you must come to an amicable settlement.
- Born, Borne
Born (brought forth by birth):I was born in Ferozepore city.
Borne (past participle of bear): She has borne many difficulties in life courageously.
- Break, Brake
Break (to divide into pieces by force): Do not break the glass.
Brake (appliance for lessening the speed of a carriage): Seeing the crowd, she applied the brakes and stopped the car.
- Cattle, Kettle
Cattle (pets of pasture): The cattle are grazing in the field.
Kettle (vessels for boiling liquids): Milk is boiling in the kettle.
- Check, Cheque
Check (to stop): The policemen were checking all the vehicles.
Cheque (Written order to banker for money): In our office all payments are made by “Payee’s Account only cheques.
- Celling, Sealing, Roof
Ceiling (top surface of room): The ceiling of the kitchen needs immediate repairs.
Sealing (to stamp with seat): The clerk is sealing the parcel.
Roof (top covering of house): The boys are playing on the roof.
- Compliment, Complement
Compliment (an expression of praise, commendation or admiration): Please pay my best compliments to your mother.
Complement (either of two parts constituting a whole; counterparts): An angle of 30 degrees is the complement of an angle of 60 degrees.
- Dairy, Diary
Dairy (a place where milk and cream are kept or processed): They purchase milk from the Mother Dairy.
Diary (a daily record of events): She has presented me a beautiful pocket diary.
- Dear, Deer
Dear (beloved or loved): I have written a letter to my dear father.
Deer (an animal): I saw a beautiful deer in the jungle.
- Dose, Doze
Dose (a quantity of medicine prescribed to be taken at one time): The doctor advised him to take a dose of this medicine thrice a day.
Doze (to sleep lightly, or for a brief period): The old peon was dozing in the office
- Fair, Fare
Fair (periodical market): We went to see the fair Nauchandi yesterday.
Fare (the price charged for transporting a passenger): I have paid the bus fare for you.
- Eligible, Illegible
Eligible (fit to be chosen, desirable): She is eligible for the post of an I.A.S. officer
Illegible (not readable, indistinct): Your handwriting is so illegible that none can read it
- Eminent, Imminent
Eminent (distinguished): Amar Nath Sehgal is an eminent Indian artist.
Imminent (soon happening, impending): His death is imminent.
- Elicit, Illicit
Elicit (to deduce, to draw out): I could not elicit any information from him.
illicit (unlawful, forbidden): He is engaged in the illicit trade of drug trafficking.
- Flour, Flower, Floor
Flour (finely ground meal): He has purchased a bag of flour.
Flower (blossom of plant): Plucking flowers is prohibited.
Floor (lower surface of a room, storey): The servant has cleaned the floor of this roop
- Heal, Heel
Heal (to make healthy, to grow sound) The ointment will heal your wound quickly
Heel (back part of the foot): The heel of my shoe has become loose.
- Lose, Loose
Lose (to be deprived of, to suffer loss): You should not lose this beautiful pen.
Loose (not tight, morally lax): She is in the habit of wearing loose clothes.
- Miner, Minor
Miner (one who works in mine): Two miners were killed in an explosion in a coal mine.
Minor (underaged person): Her son is still a minor.
- Naughty, Knotty
Naughty (wicked): Her children are very naughty.
Knotty (difficult): This is a knotty problem and it is not easy to solve it.
- Decent, Dissent, Descent
Decent (respectable, good enough): Ramesh has a decent income.
Dissent (disagreement): Her vote of dissent was duly recorded.
Descent (coming down): The descent from this side of the hill is very steep.
- Dew, Due
Dew (small drops of moisture): The dew drops on the petals of the rose looked beautiful.
Due (payable, proper): His salary is due on the seventh of every month.
- Sole, Soul
Sole (single): She is the sole survivor of the tragedy.
Sole (bottom part of a foot which touches the ground): In some dance forms, a dancer needs to beat the ground/floor with the sole of her feet.
Soul (Inner spirit): His soul was restless on hearing my story.
- Steal, Steel
Steal (to rob): We should not steal anything.
Steel (a metal): This knife is made of steel.
- Vacation, Vocation
Vacation (intervals between terms in schools or offices etc.): The school is closed summer vacation.
Vocation (profession): What vocation will you pursue in life?
- Blew, Blue
Blew (past tense of blow): The policeman blew his whistle when he saw a thief stealing a car.
Blue (a colour): Blue is my favourite colour.
- Hole, Whole
Hole (a cavity): As soon as the rat saw the cãt, it entered the hole.
Whole (entire): The beggar was so hungry that he ate the whole bread.
- Role, Roll
Role (part): The teacher has to play an important role in society.
Roll (a scroll): The professor took the roll call.
- Cereal, Serial
Cereal (edible grain): Some cereals are very rich in vitamins.
Serial (a story in instalments): The Ramayana is a very popular TV serial.
- Coma, Comma
Coma (unnatural heavy sleep): After the head injury, Rajan was in a coma for several days. Comma (a punctuation mark): The full stop represents the longest pause, whereas the comma represents the shortest one.
- Idle, Idol
Idle (without work): An idle brain is a devil’s workshop.
Idol (image): The Hinds worship idols.
- Week, Weak
Week (a period of the seven days): Only a week is left for me to go home.
Weak (wanting strength): Because of fever, she has become very weak.
- Wear, Ware
Wear (to carry on the body): She wears a beautiful dress.
Ware (articles): My cousin deals in glass wares.
- Desert, Dessert
Desert (barren sandy region): The Thar desert in Rajasthan is a great wilderness.
Dessert (a sweet fruit course at the end of a dinner): For dinner I usually have a dessert also.
- Farther, Further
Farther (comparative degree of far): He walked farther into the forest and found a dead lion.
Further (greater in degree or quantity): The teacher developed the story further and made the point clear to everybody.
- Marry, Merry
Marry (to wed): Vivek’s parents forced him to marry the girl of their choice.
Merry (full of joy): I wish you a merry Christmas.
- Pray, Prey
Pray (to ask earnestly): We must pray to God every day.
Prey (victim): The sheep became a prey to the lion.
- Story, Storey
Story (narrative of incidents in a sequence): The stories of Tolstoy deal with the village life.
Storey (a level/floor of a building): My office is in a multi-storeyed building in Connaught Place.
- Tail, Tale
Tail (of an animal): A lion without a tail would look very clumsy.
Tale (story): My brother is very much fond of reading fairy tales.
- Principal, Principle
Principal (head of school/college): Mr Sudhansha is the Principal of our school.
Principle (fundamental truth, law, rule of life): We must follow good principles in our life.
- Quite, Quiet, Quit
Quite (completely, altogether): His behaviour is quite good.
Quiet (still, calm, at rest, free from noise): She is a quiet lady by nature.
Quit (to leave, to repay, to abandon): The Quit India Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942.
- Right, Rite, Write
Right (correct, something one may have by law): You are absolutely right.
Rite (religious ceremony): The priest is performing the religious rites.
Write (to mark paper with symbols or words): They want to write a story.
- Sell, Cell
Sell (to dispose of in exchange for money): Manish wants to sell his car immediately.
Cell ( small room or cavity): The thief was locked up in a dingy cell at the police station.
- Stationary, Stationery
Stationary (standing still, not moving): It is believed that the Sun is stationary.
Stationery (writing materials such as pen, paper, pencil etc.): He has opened a stationery shop in the main market.
- Team, Teem
Team (a number of persons associated in some joint action): He is a member of the cricket team of our college.
Teem (to abound or swarm): This deserted place teems with poisonous scorpions.
- Verse, Worse
Verse (line of a poem, stanza, poetry): He is fond of writing verse.
Worse (comparative degree of bad): The condition of the patient has gone worse after the operation.
- Coarse, Course
Coarse (rough): She bought ten metres of coarse cloth.
Course (line of action, text book): The Central Board has revised the course in Hindi.
- Feet, Feat
Feet (plural of foot): Reena has no shoes on her feet.
Feat (a deed of skill): The Rajputs have many feats of bravery to their credit.
- Fore, Four
Fore (in the front): The ship’s fore cabin in nicely carved.
Four (next after three, a digit of counting): Their stall number is four.
- Forth, Fourth
Forth (out): Nobody came forth to help the old man.
Fourth (next after third): Rakesh is standing in the fourth row.
- Mail, Male
Mail (post): The mail arrives at the post-office at 10 am.
Male (masculine gender): He is the only male member of his family.
- Peace, Piece
Peace (a state of being quiet, calm): They should do nothing to disturb the peace of the town. Piece (a part of portion): The bird had a piece of bread in its beak.
- Popular, Populous
Popular (enjoy the favour of many): Mr. Aggarwal is a popular teacher of our school.
Populous (thickly populated): Kolkata is the most populous city of India.
- Practice, Practise
Practice (Noun): Practice makes one perfect.
Practise (Verb): His brother practises at the Supreme Court.
- Rain, Reign, Rein
Rain (water falling from the clouds in drops): It rained very heavily yesterday.
Reign (rule): During the reign of Ashoka India was very prosperous.
Rein (means of control): Hold the horse by the rein.
- Sale, Sail
Sale (act of selling): In the exhibition there were many paintings for sale.
Sail (of a ship): The ship sailed in the fine weather.
- Waste, Waist
Waste (to spend uselessly): Do not waste your precious time in gossip.
Waist (the part of the human body between the hips and the ribs): The soldier put on a band a round his waist.
- Weather, Whether
Weather (atmospheric conditions): The weather is very fine today.
Whether (if or if not): She asked me whether I could help her or not.
- Career, Carrier, Courier
Career (course of life): She had a very brilliant career at school.
Carrier (one that carries): Flies and mosquitoes are the carries of diseases.
Courier (sending important documents quickly to their destinations): I want package by courier.