Word Meaning, Summary, Important Questions Of Chapter 3 Rain On The Roof | Class 9

Hindi Meaning Of Difficult Words Chapter 3 Rain On The Roof

1 Humidsomething which is full of moisture. नम moist, damp, wet
2HoverMove around something मंडराना fly round, haunt
3 Melancholysad उदासी flatness, gloom, doldrums
4 Bliss Happiness परमानंद ecstasy, jubilance
5Patter sound of raindrops falling on the roof. पटपटाहट pitter-patter, tap, drum
6Tinkleshort, light ringing sound खनखनाहट ring, jingle, chime
7Shinglesrectangular wooden tiles used on roofs विसर्पी छाजन detritus, loesses, marls
8Echorepeated sound गूंज resonance, buzzing, waft
9Woofweft, i.es the thread woven across the loom बाना growl, grunt, howl.
10Ereold poetic word for ‘before’ पहले afore, ahead of
11Dawnday break भोर daylight, morning, advent
12List old poetic word for’ listen’ सुनना catalogue, inventory, record
13Starryfull of stars तारों से जड़ा glittering, luminous, sparkling.
14Chamberroom कक्ष hall, auditorium, bedchamber
15Over headabove head सिर के ऊपर aloft, atop, upward.
16Dreamydreamlike काल्पनिकvague, dim, hazy
17Fanciesimagination कल्पना want, desire, crave
18Recollectionsmemories अनुस्मरण reminiscence, recall, retrospection.
19Weavepattern of weaving बुनना knit, tat, inweave
20Agones past time पहले ago, back, since
21Fond lookloving gaze शौकीन नज़र glad eye, longing eye, wistful eye.

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Short Summary Of Chapter 3 Rain On The Roof In English


The poet has given a very vivid imagination while he listens to the patter of the rain on the roof. He is lost Tin varied ideas and feels the presence of his mother. The clouds create darkness for the starry sky and in turn it shows its unhappiness through tears of rain. On one side, there is happiness while on the other there is unhappiness.


This is poem written by the poet Coates Kinney. The poet lies on his cottage bed and feel happy listening to the sound of rain drops. Memories of his mother come flooding in his mind as he listens to the sound of the rain. The poem says that the rain brings the poet maximum happiness. When he is lost in dream and so many fancies go on revolving in his mind. He loves to hear the pattering of soft rain on the roof.


The poem deals with rain. The poet is lying comfortably on his bed and listening to the sound of the rain drops falling on the roof. This poem depicts the overall mood during a rainy night. The rhythmic falling of the rain t drops on the roof makes him remember the past and be gets lost memories of his mother. Since the poem – is related to the poet’s experience during rain, the title is justified.



When certain events happen, long lost memories come flooding back to our mind. Here, on a rainy day, the poet is listening to the sound made on the roof by the falling rain drops. This pitter-patter sound of the rain drops brings back lost memories of the poet about his mother and her affection towards him. The sound of rain appears to create bliss to the poet.



Certain incident happen that evoke long-lost memories and the mind is in bliss. It may be a natural scene, or scent or a sound. The sound of rainfall on the roof brings back memories of the poet’s childhood. Most of as have experienced the love and affection our mother show towards us during childhood. And later in life we remember them and feel very happy about it. These sort of thoughts come flooding into our mind on a rainy night when we are all alone.



The rhyme scheme of seven stanza octave is abebde, fg with the fg lines repeated at the end of each stanza in six variations.



  1. Alliteration

The repetition of the first consonant sound in neighbouring words. Connects the lines and keeps the sonnet flowing.


  • When the humid shadows hover (repetition of s sound). 
  • Over all the starry spheres (repetition of ‘s sound). 
  • Press the pillow (repetition p sound).
  • Cottage chamber bed.
  • Lie listening.


  1. Imagery

Imagery is used with the vivid and expressing language to portray pictures or feelings.


  • Melancholy darkness
  • Rainy tears
  • Starry spheres


  1. Repetition

Repetition in poetry is multiple uses of a word, phrase, sound, or stanza.


  • Listening to the patter (7), Listen to the patter (15)



Humid- wet, 

Hover- remain in one place in the air, 

Starry- full of stars, 

Sphere- a solid figure that is completely round with every point at an equal distance from the centre,

Melancholy- sad, 

Bliss– happiness, 

Cottage- small hut, 

Chamber- room, 

Patter- a sound of drops, 

Overhead- above head, 

Tinkle- ringing sound, 

Echo- reflected sound, 

Dreamy- dream like, 

Fancies- imagination, 

Recollections- memories, 

Weave-pattern of weaving, 

Woof- word to describe a sound, 

Agone- past time, 

Dreamer- one who dreams, 

Ere- before, 

Dawn- early morning, 

Fond look- loving gaze, 

Shingles- small round stones,


Read the extracts and answer the following questions:


  1. Wind, come softly. 

Don’t break the shutters of the windows.

Don’t scatter the papers. 

Don’t throw down the books on the shelf.

There, look what you did – you threw them all down.

You tore the pages of the books You brought rain again.


(i) What can the wind do? 

(ii) What did the wind tear?

(iii) How does the poet ask the wind to come?

(iv) What did the wind bring again?


(i) The wind can break the shutters of the windows scatter the papers, and throw down the books on the shelf.

(ii) The wind tore the pages of the books. 

(iii) The poet asks the wind to come softly.

(iv) The wind brought rain again.


  1. You’re very clever at poking fun at weaklings. 

Frail crumbling houses, crumbling doors, crumbling rafters,

crumbling wood, crumbling bodies, crumbling lives,

crumbling hearts

the wind god winnows and crushes them all. 


(i) Who is very clever?

(ii) What does the wind God do?

(iii) At whom does the wind poke fun?

(iv) Mention some things that crumble when the wind blows.


(i) The wind is very clever.

(ii) The wind God winnows and crushes all material possessions.

(iii) The wind pokes fun at weaklings. 

(iv) Houses, doors, wood, bodies, hearts, etc.


  1. He won’t do what you tell him 

So, come, let’s build strong homes,

Let’s joint the doors firmly.

Practise to firm the body. 

Make the heart steadfast. 

Do this, and the wind will be friends with us.


(i) What does the poet ask people to do? 

(ii) What will happen after doing that?

(iii) Who will not listen to our words?

(iv) How should we make our hearts?


(i) The poet asks people to build strong houses, keep robust doors and keep firm hearts. 

(ii) After doing that the wind will become our friend. 

(iii) The wind will not listen to what we say. 

(iv) We should make our hearts steadfast.


  1. The wind blows out weak fires.

He makes strong fires roar and flourish.

His friendship is good. 

We praise him every day.


(i) What does it do with strong fires? 

(ii) Why does the poet say that his friendship is good?

(iii) What does the wind blow out?

(iv) Who do we praise everyday?


(i) It makes the strong fire roar and flourish. 

(ii) The poet says so because its friendship gives us strength. 

(iii) The wind blows out weak fires.

(iv) We praise the wind everyday.



Answer the following questions: 


  1. What are the things the wind does in the first stanza?

Ans. The wind breaks the shutters of the window seatters the papers and throws down the books c the shelf. It also tears the pages of the books and brings rain.


  1. Have you seen anybody winnow grain at home or in a paddy field? What is the word in your language for winnowing? What do people use for winnowing? (Give the words in your language, if you know i them.)

Ans. Yes, I have seen ladies winnow grain in my village. People winnow grains to remove straws, chaff and dust found in grains there. It is called “Barsana. 


  1. What does the poet say the wind god winnows? 

Ans. The wind God winnows all the things available at home Crumbling doors, crumbling rafters, crumbling wood, crumbling bodies, crumbling lives, crumbling hearts The wind God windows and crushes all the things. 


  1. What should we do to make friends with the wind?

Ans. The poet suggests that we should build strong houses and fix the doors firmly to make friends with the wind. Moreover, we should be strong enough to face the difficulties in life.


  1. What do the last four lines of the poem mean to you? 

Ans. The last four lines convey the message that those who are not determined and lack confidence face defeat. And those who set their targets and make sincere efforts are not disturbed by any obstacle.


  1. How does the poet speak to the wind-in anger or with humour? You must also have seen or heard of the wind “crumbling lives”. What is your response to this? Is it like the poet’s?

Ans. The poet speaks to the wind with humour. I opine. that the poet’s behaviour is pertinent and I have also seen the wind devastating the property mercilessly. The poet invites the wind to attack him and intends to prepare himself for the attack.


  1. Who are disturbed by the wind?

Ans. The wind disturbs only those people who are not determined. The self confident people overcome the obstacles put before them by the wind. The wind i does not have the knack to disturb the peace of mind of such people. The wind blows out weak fires and makes strong fires roar and flourish.


  1. What does the wind do with the books? 

Ans. The wind tears the pages off and throws them down from the book shelf. The potent (powerful) wind scatters the books and sheets of paper on the floor. It disturbs everything.

  1. How does the wind become the cause of rain?

Ans. The wind sometimes becomes violent and appears to be a storm. It brings clouds with from distant lands. There is no need to say that clouds bring rain. It is a universal truth and scientific fact that clouds bring rain from the blue sky.


  1. Why should the earthly people build strong houses? 

Ans. They should build strong houses so that they may not be damaged by the wind. They should be strong enough to endure violent winds and become a challenge to the potent wind.



Answer the following questions:


  1. Why does the poet suggest the people that they have to be strong? Write your answer in the context of the poem, “Wind”.

Ans. According to the poet, the wind is very powerful. It has power to break the shutters of the windows, scatter the papers and throw the books down the shelf. When it blows violently, it brings the clouds. mocks at the weak and destroys their homes. The weak persons really helpless before the wind.

But the poet is quite hopeful. He thinks that when the people build strong houses, they can challenge the wind. Actually the poet suggests the people that they should be strong at heart because the weak persons can not face the challenges of life. Only the people with strong hearts have the courage to face the challenges of life.


  1. How can you say that the poet of the poem ‘Wind” is a great lover of mankind?

Ans. The poet wants to make people strong at hearts. His desire is that they should be bold enough to face the challenges of life. When we have strong houses, we can protect ourselves from the angry wind. In the same manner, when we are strong at heart we can face the challenges of life. Only the weak persons are defeated by the problems of life. Similarly the poet wants that people should face the challenges of life and make their life. happy. His thought shows that he is really a great humanist. His heart is filled with compassion for mankind. 


  1. What moral lesson do you get from the poem Wind’? 

Ans. The poem Wind’ is full of moral lessons. The pocti has poured out his heart in the present poem. He says that people must be strong at heart because only the weak at heart are troubled by difficulties Here wind symbolises difficulties which has power to devastate life on the earth. But if the people are strong at heart, they face the challenges thrown out by difficulties. They struggle and at last, come with flying colours. 


  1. How can you say that friendship with the strong good? 

Ans. When we have friendship with the strong, wel several new things. We learn that we may become strong when we fight with difficulties. The people say that if we are strong, the wind may be out fred Because the wind likes to be friend of the strong So, if we desire to have the strong to be our friend we have to show courage ourselves. This is the ma reason that the poet talks about the steadfast be in the poem.




  1. Why should we firm the body and make the heart steadfast?
  2. Mention some methods to make friends with the wind.
  3. Mention some reasons why we praise the wind everyday.
  4. “The wind is a friend of the strong.” Analyse this statement with the help of the poem Wind”.

For more chapters word meanings click on the links given below.

Beehive Poetry

English Moments