Word Meaning, Summary, Important Questions Of Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares | Class 10

Hindi Meaning Of Difficult Words | Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares

About The Poet | Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares

INTRODUCTION

The Sermon at Benares’ narrates the story of a woman who is very sad at untimely demise of her son. Over a period of time, people usually come to terms with personal tragedies and move on in life. The main character in this story is running from pillar to post so that someone could somehow revive her dead child. But nobody can do such a miracle and no one can her help. Finally, at person sends her to Buddha because he was aware that Buddha would surely help that poor woman to come to terms with her grief. Buddha finds an innovative approach to make the grieving mother realize the imminent truth of death. On Buddha’s command, Kisa Gotami goes in search of a house where nobody had ever died. Since it is impossible to find such a house, she does not get what she was searching for. Finally, the poor lady realizes the important lesson which Buddha wanted to teach her that death is inevitable and man has to learn to bear it peacefully.

Short Summary Of Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares In English

SUMMARY

The Sermon at Benares’ is a religious talk delivered by a prophet or Saint. Here we have the journey of Gautama Buddha from prince hood to his saintly life. He left the palace at the age of 25, after seeing the sufferings of the world, to seek enlightenment. He wandered for seven years, here and there, and under a peepal tree at Bodhgaya he got it. His first sermon was delivered at Benares as it was considered to be the holy place. He thinks that he who seeks peace should learn to rise above lamentation, complaint and grief. This is the only way to become composed, and obtain peace of mind. He who has overcome all such circumstances will be free from sorrow and be blessed with calm and peace.

The sermon narrates the story of a mother named Kisa Gotami. She was grieving over the death of her son. She moved from door to door and at last came to Buddha. She made a humble request to him to bring back her son to life. Buddha said that he would do so but he asked for a handful of mustard seeds. He further commanded it must be taken from a house where no one had lost a child, husband, parent or friend.

She went from house to house but was unable to find one where nobody had died. She was tired and hopeless and sat down at the wayside watching the lights of the city as they flickered up. Thus she realised that these lives flicker up for some time and are extinguished again just like the life of a human being. This way Buddha taught her that the lives of mortals in this world are troubled and brief and there is no means by which one can avoid death. Death is inevitable in the lives of humans and one must understand the terms of our lives.

TITLE JUSTIFICATION

TITLE JUSTIFICATION

The title is suitable as the narrative presents the first sermon that the Buddha delivered at Benares. Kisa Gotami, a mother was crushed by the death of her son. She moved from door to door and at last came to Buddha. She requested the Buddha to revive her son by giving him some medicine. He said that he would do that if she could bring a handful of mustard seeds. He further instructed her that it must be taken from a house where no one had lost a child, husband, parent or friend.

Kisa went from house to house but was unable to find one where nobody had died. She was tired and hopeless and sat down at the wayside watching the light of the city as they flickered up. Thus she realised that these lives flicker up for some time and are extinguished again. This way the Buddha taught her that the lives of mortals in this world are troubled and brief and there is no means by which one can avoid deaths. Death is certain and irreversible.

THEME

THEME

The theme of this famous sermon delivered by Buddha is that man must understand and accept that death is a part of life and man must not grieve over it. Life and death are inseparable and man must be rational and accept this universal truth rather than grieve over it. The terms of life given to man should be clearly accepted by man otherwise man will have to pass a phase of undue

grieving. This philosophy is illustrated by the Buddha through the story of Kisa Gotami. Kisa Gotami, a mother was crushed by the death of her son. She moved from door to door and at last came to Buddha. She requested the Buddha to revive her son by giving him some medicine. He said that he would do that if she could bring a handful of mustard seeds. He further instructed her that it must be taken from a house where no one had lost a child. husband, parent or friend.

MESSAGE

MESSAGE

The message of this famous sermon delivered by Buddha is that to attain peace, man must understand and accept that death is a part of life and man must not grieve over it. Life and death are inseparable and man must be rational and accept this universal truth rather than grieve over it. The terms of life given to man should be clearly accepted by man otherwise man will have to pass a phase of undue grieving.

CHARACTER SKETCH

CHARACTER SKETCH

  1. Gautama Buddha.

Gautama Buddha was a prince whose life was a journey from a palace to saintly life. He left the palace at the age of 25, after seeing the sufferings of the world, to seek enlightenment. He wandered for seven years, here and there, and under a peepal tree at Bodhgaya he got it. His first sermon was delivered at Benares as it was considered to be the holy place. He believed that he who seeks peace should learn to rise above lamentation, complaint and grief. This is the only way to become composed, and obtain peace of mind. He who has overcome all such circumstances will be free from sorrow and be blessed with calm and peace. He gives Kisa Gotami this profound truth, so that she would rise from her grief of having lost her son and attain peace.

  1. Kisa Gotami

Kisa Gotami was crushed by the death of her son. She moved from door to door and at last came to Buddha. She made him a humble request to make her son alive. Buddha said he would do but he asked for a handful of mustard seeds. He further commanded it must be taken from a house where no one had lost a child, husband, parent or friend.

She went from house to house but was unable to find one where nobody had died.

This way she was taught that the lives of mortals in this world are troubled and brief and there is no means by which one can avoid deaths. Death is inevitable.

 

GLOSSARY

Enlightenment-a state of high spiritual knowledge,

Wander-moving from place to place;

Preach- sermonise;

Inscrutable-unreadable;

Weary-tired,

Desolation- misery, unhappiness;

Earthen- made of clay,

Depart-leave, quit;

Lament-mourrn;

Composed- calm, self-possessed.

TYPE I: REFERENCE TO CONTEXT (VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS)

TYPE I: REFERENCE TO CONTEXT (VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS)

Read the extracts and answer the following questions:

  1. Gautama Buddha (563 B.C.- 483 B.C.) began life as a prince named Siddhartha Gautama, in northern India. At twelve, he was sent away for schooling in the Hindu sacred scriptures and four years later he returned home to marry a princess. They had a son and lived for ten years as befitted royalty.

Questions

(i) Who was Gautama Buddha?

(ii) What did he study?

(iii) How long did he live like royalty?

(iv) When did Gautama Buddha marry?

Answers

(i) Gautama Buddha was a prince born in North India.

(ii) He studied sacred scriptures of the Hindu.

(iii) He lived like royalty for ten years.

(iv) Gautam Buddha married after his schooling at the age of sixteen.

 

  1. At about the age of twenty-five, the Prince, heretofore shielded from the sufferings of the world, while out hunting chanced upon a sick man, then an aged then a funeral procession, and finally a monk man, begging for alms. These sights so moved him that he at once went out into the world to seek enlightenment concerning the sorrows he had witnessed.

Questions

(i) Why did Gautama Buddha go out to seek enlightenment?

(ii) What did he see while hunting?

(iii) What did he seek?

(iv) What were Buddha’s thoughts at the sights that he saw?

Answers

(i) Gautama Buddha was highly moved by seeing the sufferings of man. So he went out to seek enlightenment.

(ii) He chanced upon a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession, and finally a monk begging for alms.

(iii) He sought enlightenment to understand the of suffering in man’s life.

(iv) Gautama Buddha was so upset and worried while encountering the different stages of life as a sickman, an aged man, a funeral and a monk begging for alms.

 

  1. These sights so moved him that he at once went out into the world to seek enlightenment concerning the sorrows he had witnessed.

Questions

 

(i) Who is referred to as ‘he’?

(ii) Which sights are being referred to here?

(iii) Why did ‘Buddha’ go out in the world?

(iv) Why did he seek enlightenment?

Answers

(i) The Buddha is referred to as ‘he’.

(ii) The sights of a dead man and a sick man are referred to here.

(iii) He went out into the world to seek enlightenment.

(iv) He sought enlightenment to understand the cause of suffering in man’s life.

 

  1. He wandered for seven years and finally sat down under a peepal tree, where he vowed to stay until enlightenment came. Enlightened after seven days, he renamed the tree the Bodhi Tree (Tree of Wisdom) and began to teach and to share his new understandings. At that point he became known as the Buddha.

Questions

(i) What was the name of the peepal tree under which Buddha sat?

(ii) What did he do while sitting under the tree?

(iii) Why was he called ‘Buddha’?

(iv) After how many days he got enlightenment?

Answers

(i) The name of the peepal tree under which Buddha sat was Bodhi tree.

(ii) He began to teach and share his new understandings while sitting under the tree.

(iii) He was called ‘Buddha’ as he had become enlightened.

(iv) He got enlightenment after seven days of his vow that he would sit until enlightenment came.

 

  1. Enlightened after seven days, he renamed the tree the Bodhi Tree (Tree of Wisdom) and began to teach and to share his new understandings. At that point he became known as the Buddha (the Awakened or the Enlightened).

Questions

(i) Where did Buddha sit?

(ii) What is the meaning of Bodhi tree”?

(iii) What did Buddha do sitting under the tree?

(iv) What does the word, ‘The Buddha’ signify?

Answers

(i) The Buddha sat under a tree named Bodhi tree”.

(ii) ‘Bodhi tree’ means the tree of wisdom.

(iii) He sat under the tree and preached his new understandings to the people.

(iv) The Buddha signifies the enlightened one’

 

  1. The Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares, most holy of the dipping places on the River Ganges; that sermon has been preserved and is given here. It reflects the Buddha’s wisdom about one inscrutable kind of suffering.

Questions

(i) Where did Buddha preach his first sermon?

(ii) What does the sermon preached by him reflect?

(iii) What is referred to as one inscrutable kind of suffering?

(iv) How is Benares described in the lesson?

Answers

(i) Buddha preached his first sermon at Benares.

(ii) The sermon reflects Buddha’s wisdom about one inscrutable kind of suffering.

(iii) The one inscrutable kind of suffering refers to unhappiness that causes suffering in man’s life.

(iv) Benares is described in the lesson as the most holy of the dipping places on the river Ganges.

 

  1. Poor Kisa Gotami now went from house to house, and the people pitied her and said, “Here is mustard seed, take it!” But when she asked, “Did a son or daughter, a father or mother, die in your family?” they answered her, ‘Alas! the living are few, but the dead are many. Do not remind us of our deepest grief.” And there was no house but some beloved one had died in it.

Questions

(i) Why did Kisa Gotami travel from house to house?

(ii) What did she ask before taking the mustard seeds?

(iii) Who had advised Kisa to collect the mustard seeds?

(iv) What answer did she get from the people whose houses she visited?

Answers

(i) Kisa Gotami travelled from house to house to collect mustard seeds.

(ii) She asked everyone before taking the mustard seeds whether a family member had ever died in their family or not.

(iii) Buddha had asked her to collect mustard seeds from a house where no one had died.

(iv) The people replied to Kisa Gotami that there was no house but some beloved had died and she should not remind them of their deepest grief.

 

  1. At length, Kisa Gotami met a man who replied to her request, “I cannot give thee medicine for thy child, but I know a physician who can.”

Questions

(i) Who is Kisa Gotami?

(ii) Who did she want the medicine for?

(iii) Why did she want the medicine?

(iv) Who is the physician’ mentioned by the man?

Answers

(i) Kisa Gotami was a mother?

(ii) She wanted the medicine for her dead son.

(iii) She wanted the medicine to revive her dead son.

(iv) The physician mentioned by the man is the ‘Buddha’.

 

  1. As ripe fruits are early in danger of falling, so mortals when born are always in danger of death. As all earthen vessels made by the potter end in being broken, so is the life of mortals.

Questions

(i) Who is the speaker in the above lines?

(ii) What are ripe fruits compared to?

(iii) What trait of human life is conveyed by the phrase earthen vessels”?

(iv) Why does the speaker give the examples of ripe fruits and earthen vessels?

Answers

(i) In the above lines, the speaker is the ‘Buddha’.

(ii) Ripe fruits are compared to old people.

(iii) Earthen vessels are brittle. Likewise man is bound to die.

(iv) The speaker gives these two examples in order to convey that man is mortal and can’t live forever.

 

  1. “Not from weeping nor from grieving will anyone obtain peace of mind; on the contrary, his pain will be the greater and his body will suffer. He will make himself sick and pale, yet the dead are not saved by his lamentation. He who seeks peace should draw out the arrow of lamentation, and complaint, and grief.”

Questions

(i) Who said these lines?

(ii) How can a person seek peace?

(iii) How does lamentation not help man?

(iv) What effect does the weeping or grieving have on us?

Answers

(i) The Buddha said these lines.

(ii) The person who seeks peace should not lament, complain and grieve.

(iii) Lamentation makes people sick without bringing back the dead.

(iv) Weeping or grieving makes our pain greater than before. The person will make himself sick and pale.

 

TYPE II: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (30-40 WORDS EACH)

Answer the following questions:

  1. When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. What does she ask for? Does she get it Why not?

Ans. When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house asking for medicine to bring her son back to life. She did not get it because there is no medicine which can bring a dead man back to life.

 

  1. Kisa Gotami again goes from house to house after she speaks with the Buddha. What does she ask for, the second time around? Does she get it? Why not?

Ans. After she speaks with the Buddha, Kisa Goutami again goes from house to house asking for mustard seeds but all her efforts were in vain because there is no house where no one has lost a child, a husband, parent or friend.

 

  1. What does Kisa Gotami understand the second time that she failed to understand the first time? Was this what the Buddha wanted her to understand?

Ans. Kisa Gotami understood the second time that death is the ultimate truth. All creatures that are born must die one day. This is what Buddha wanted her to understand. Finally the grieving mother accepted the death of her beloved son.

 

  1. What do you know about the early life of Buddha?

Ans. Gautama Buddha was born in a royal family. His I childhood name was Siddhartha. At the age of 12 he was sent away for schooling in the Hindu sacred scriptures and four years letter he was married to a princess, Yashodhara. He had a son and lived in royal splendor for ten years before his quest for enlightenment began.

 

 

 

  1. What did Buddha see when he went out hunting? What did he do then?

Ans. He saw a sick man, then an aged man, and then a funeral procession, and finally a monk begging for alms. These sights of unbearable sufferings moved him so much that he decided to seek enlightenment in order to understand the sorrows he had came across.

 

  1. Where did Buddha preach his first sermon?

Ans. Gautama Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares, which is regarded as the most holy of the dipping places on the river Ganges.

 

  1. What was the cause of Kisa’s misery?

Ans. Kisa’s son had died. Kisa Gotami goes from house to house to get some medicine which could put back life in her dead son. But once a person is dead, he cannot be revived. Hence, people only pity at her agony because they know that no medicine can bring life back in her child.

 

  1. After receiving Buddha’s advice what did Kisa do? Could the advice revive her son eventually?

Ans. After speaking with the Buddha, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house to get a handful of mustard seeds. But Buddha had put a condition, i.e. mustard seeds should be only from a house in which nobody ever died. Since death is an imminent fact and is integral to the life cycle, so Kisa Gotami does not get mustard seeds.

 

  1. What did Kisa Gotami understand about life finally?

Ans. Kisa understood the truth of life and death. She understood that everyone who has come into this world is going to die sooner or later. sending her to different houses, Buddha wanted her to realize the fragile nature of human life. He also wanted her to rise above worldly matters so that the departed soul could rest in peace.

 

  1. How did Buddha convey to Kisa the truth of life and death?

Ans. Buddha employed practical way of teaching an important lesson. He asked her to bring mustard seeds from a home where no one had ever died. Sometimes, we may not understand a complex subject by only reading a text material. Many a time, we need to have practical experience like Kisa, to understand complex lessons.

 

  1. How did Kisa Gotami become selfish in her grief”?

Ans. Being concerned with your own desires and beliefs is called selfishness. Kisa Gotami was only thinking about her personal sorrow and life after her personal tragedy when she lost her son. She was not thinking about grief of all other people who had lost their loved ones. So, it can be said that she was being ‘selfish in her grief.

 

  1. Why did Prince Siddhartha leave the palace and become a beggar?

Ans. Once Prince Siddhartha, while hunting saw a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession and finally a monk begging for alms. Looking at this, he left the palace and became a beggar to search for enlightenment.

 

  1. What do you know about the early life of Buddha?

Ans. Gautama Buddha was born in a royal family. His childhood name was Siddhartha. At the age of 12, he was sent away for schooling in the Hindu sacred scriptures and four years later he got married to a princess with whom he had a son.

 

  1. How is the city of Benares important??

Ans. Benares is a sacred city of the Hindus as the river Ganga flows through it. Gautama Buddha preached his first sermon at the city of Benares It was about accepting death as an inseparable part of life and not grieving unduly over it.

 

  1. How did Kisa Gotami realise that life and death is a process?

Ans. Kisa Gotami went from house to house but was unable to find one house where nobody had died. She was tired and hopeless and sat down at the wayside watching the lights of the city as they flickered up and were extinguished again. She realised that similar to the city lights human lives also flicker up for some time and are extinguished again.

 

  1. What was the effect of the sufferings of the world on Buddha?

Ans. At the age of 25. one day, while hunting, Buddha saw a sick man, then an aged man, then a funeral procession and finally a monk begging for alms. These moved him so much that he went out into the world to seek enlightenment about the cause of suffering of man and how to overcome it.

 

  1. According to Kisa Gotami what is the greatest grief of life?

Ans. According to Kisa Gotami, the greatest grief in life is the death of one’s loved ones and one’s inability to stop them from dying. She had tried in vain to revive her son. Finding her so miserable the Buddha thought of a way to teach her to stop grieving. She eventually understood the lesson that Buddha wanted to convey-death should be accepted as it is inevitable.

 

  1. Why was Kisa Gotami sad? What did she do to relieve it?

Ans. Kisa Gotami was sad over the death of her only son. In the hour of grief, she went door to door in order to find medicine for her son that could bring him to life. All her efforts were in vain as no one could help her in reviving her son.

 

  1. What did the Buddha do after he had attained enlightenment?

Ans. When Buddha attained enlightenment, he started preaching and telling people about life and its meaning He spread his teachings far and wide so that people would learn to be rational and understand that one should not grieve over death as it is a part and parcel of life.

 

  1. Why was Kisa Gautami sad? What did she do in her hour of grief?

Ans. Kisa Gotami was sad over the death of her only son. In the hour of grief, she went door to door in order to find medicine for her son that could bring him to life. All her efforts were in vain as no one could help her in reviving her son.

 

  1. How did the Buddha teach Kisa Gautami the truth of life and death?

Ans. Kisa Gotami had lost her son. The Buddha told her to bring mustard seeds from the house where there had been no deaths. When she could not fulfil this condition she understood that death is the ultimate truth. All creatures that are born must die one day. This is what Buddha wanted her to understand. Finally the grieving mother accepted the death of her beloved son.

 

TYPE III: LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS (100-120 WORDS EACH)

Answer the following questions:

  1. Comment on Buddha’s philosophy of life and death.

Ans. Buddha sought to understand why man suffered in life. After his enlightenment, Buddha started to spread his teachings about life, truth and death. He preached that death and suffering are the part and parcel of life. None can avoid this truth. One has to meet one’s destined end one day. Whoever has come to the world, will die one day. This is an inescapable truth. In the hour of grief, one must

remain calm and composed so that grief do overcome one. People, who are wise, never compl or lament over their loss. They accept the trah bow to the terms of life. So, the wisdom lies in to foreve getting distressed with pain, suffering and dead Thus Buddha believed that correct understanding and acceptance of life and death could bring people peace and calm. Otherwise they would be in misery and pain.

 

  1. Life is full of trials and tribulations. Kisa Gotas also passes through a period of grief in her life How does she behave in those circumstances?

Ans. After the death of Kisa Gotami’s only child, Ku Gotami became very miserable. She carried her deal child to her neighbours in order to get some medicine bring him back to life. Her r neighbours bours thought the she had gone insane as she was unable to accept the fact that her son had died. It was then that someone suggested her to meet Gautama Buddha. Whe she met Gautama Buddha he gave her an errand to do. She was asked to collect mustard seeds from house where no one had ever died. She went from one house to another but was unable to find a single no one had died. This way she realised house where that death is a part of life and anyone who is bon is bound to die one day. Thus, Buddha changed her understanding of death and she could come to ter with the death.

 

  1. Personal losses are a part and parcel of life. Instead of wailing on them, we should move on in life. This message of Gautama Buddha has become more relevant in modern times. Do you agree? Why/why not?

Ans. Yes, I agree with the message that Gautama Buddha has given about life and death. In the modern times. people have a lot to explore and move with the world at the same pace. If people don’t understand the practicality of life, they will be under stress which would i in turn affect, their personal and professional lives. People need to understand that everyone who is born will have to die one day. There is no use being sad or crying over the loss. People should remain calm and composed in such situations. They should face the truth and move on in life. Corred understanding and acceptance of the terms of life will bring them peace and calm.

 

  1. What did Buddha say to Kisa about death and suffering?

Ans. After enlightenment, Buddha started to spread his teachings about life, truth and death. He preached that death and suffering are the part and parcel of life. None can avoid this truth. One has to meet ones destined end one day. Whoever has come to te world, will die one day. This is an inescapable hour of grief, one must remain calm and composed so that grief doesn’t overcome one. People, ruth. In the who are wise, never complain or lament over their accept the truth and bow to the terms of So, the wisdom lies not getting distressed with and death.

  1. How did Kisa come to correct understanding of the of and death? nature of life and death.

Ans. Kisa’s son had died and she was naturally grieving for someone who reve her son. Buddha told her to get a handful of mastard seeds from a home where no one had ever ded. After failing to procure a handful of mustard a seeds from a house where death had never knocked hou down by the roadside feeling at the door, she sat helpless and considering the mortal nature of man. She saw the lights of the city that flickered and were estinguished. At last, it was darkness everywhere. She realised t 825 that death was common to all and she being selfish in her grief. This is what Buddha wanted her to understand, that everyone who is born has to die one day. Thus Buddha helped her arrive at the correct understanding and acceptance of death as a part of life.

 

  1. Why do you think Kisa Gotami judged herself as being selfish?

Ans. Kisa’s son had died and she was naturally grieving. She wandered looking for someone who would mive her son. Buddha told her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a home where no one had ever died. Earlier, she could see only her grief. When she went from door to door the second time, she understood that everyone was dealing with the loss of a beloved one. There was not a single house in the town, where death had not taken a father, a mother, a sister, a brother, son or a daughter. Everyone, at some point or the other. has experienced the death of their loved ones. Gautama Buddha helped her to understand all this in a practical way, as he told to bring a handful of mustard seeds from a house bere death had never knocked at the door. This way she became aware that death is common to all human beings and she was being selfish in grieving her loss and not considering the loss that all human beings suffer.

 

  1. Buddha gave Kisa and seeing the nature of life and death. Discuss.

Ans. A selfish person is one who only thinks about himself or herself, and to some extent Kisa Gotami was being selfish because we are humans and it is natural for us to die although caught in the web of attachment we do not easily accept the death of our loved ones. The same happened with Kisa Gotami. As it was her only child, she did not want him to die and finally went to Buddha to ask for help. Buddha told her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a home where no one had ever died. Earlier, she could see only her grief. When she went from door to door the second time, she understood that everyone was dealing with the loss of a beloved one. There was not a single house in the town, where death had not taken a father, a mother, a sister, a brother, son or a daughter. Everyone, at some point or the other, has experienced the death of their loved ones. Gautama Buddha helped her to rise above selfishness in a practical way, and to realize that death is common to all human beings and she was being selfish in grieving at her loss and not considering the loss that all human beings suffer. Thus he made her see the nature of life and death and the futility of grieving.

 

  1. “Life of mortals in this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain.” With this statement of the Buddha, find out the moral value that Kisa Gotmi learnt after the death of her child.

Ans. Kisa’s son had died and she was naturally grieving. She wandered looking for someone who would revive her son. Buddha told her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a home where no one had ever died. After failing to procure a handful of mustard seeds from a house where death had never knocked: at the door, she sat down by the roadside feeling helpless and considering the mortal nature of man. She saw the lights of the city that flickered and were extinguished. At last, it was darkness everywhere. She realised that death was common to all and she was being selfish in her grief. This is what Buddha wanted her to understand, that everyone who is born has to die one day. Life of mortals in this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain. Thus Buddha helped her arrive at the correct understanding and acceptance of death as a part of life.

 

  1. Through the Sermon at Benares, the Buddha preached that death is inevitable and we need to overcome the suffering and pain that follows. Based on your reading of the lesson, write how one should cope with the death of a loved one.

Ans. Death is an inseparable part of life. But human beings, who are attached to people and objects find it painfully hard to accept death. In fact death is feared and people even avoid talking about it. In the Sermon at Benares, Kisa’s son had died and she was naturally grieving. She wandered looking for

someone who would revive her son. Buddha told her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had ever died. After failing to procure a handful of mustard seeds from a house where death had never knocked at the door, she sat down by the roadside feeling helpless and considering the mortal nature of man. She saw the lights of the city that flickered and were extinguished. At last, it was darkness everywhere. She realised that death: was common to all and she was being selfish in her grief. This is what Buddha wanted her to understand, that everyone who is born has to die one day. Life of mortals this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain. Thus Buddha helped her arrive at the correct understanding and acceptance of death as a part of life. One must adopt the Buddhist way a rational and mature approach to the death of a loved one.

 

  1. Buddha was not only a thinker but a great teacher too. Discuss.

Ans. After his enlightenment Buddha proved to be a great thinker. He sought to understand the root cause of human suffering. He came to believe that life of mortals in this world is troubled and b and combined with pain. He developed a view everyone who is born has to die one day. So one must not grieve over death but accept it.

He taught his rational teachings to Kisa in a way that proved that he was a great teacher. Kis son had died and she was naturally grieving She wandered looking for someone who would reve her son. Buddha told her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a home where no one had ever died After failing to procure a handful of mustard seeds from a house where death had never knocked at the door, she sat down by the roadside feeling helpless and considering the mortal nature of man. She saw the lights of the city that flickered and were extinguished. At last, it was darkness everywhere She realised that death was common to all and she was being selfish in her grief. This is what Buddha wanted her to understand, that everyone who is born has to die one day. Thus Buddha proved to be a successful teacher as he helped her arrive at the correct understanding and acceptance of death as a part of life.

 

QUESTIONS FOR PRACTICE

 

  1. Write a short note on Gautama Buddha.
  2. How did Buddha’s hunting trip proved to be a crucial one in turning his life around?
  3. Why was Kisa Gotami wandering in the village?
  4. What did the Buddha ask Kisa to do?
  5. What did Kisa Gotami feel on seeing the light of the city?

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