Word Meaning, Summary, Important Questions Of Chapter 4 How to Tell Wild Animals | Class 10
Hindi Meaning Of Difficult Words | Chapter 4 How to Tell Wild Animals
|1||Tawny||yellowish brown color||गहरे पीले के रंग का||beige, bronze, brown|
|2||Noble||high born, aristocratic||महान||kingly, supreme, statuesque|
|3||Discern||recognize||पहचानना||cognize, discriminate, Know|
|4||Strolling||walking casually||टहलना||ramble, dawdle, promena|
|5||Forth||forward||आगे||onward, in front, fore|
|6||Hide||skin of animal||खाल||exuviae, integumentary, hide|
|7||Peppered||Here it means the spots||बखेरना||splash, broadcast, pepper|
|8||Lept (Leapt)||jump towards someone||कूदना||bounded, hopped, sprang|
|9||Yard||backyard or the lawn area of a house||अहाता||curtilage, yard, Enclosure|
|10||Caress||A gentle touch||लाड़ करना||caress, dandle, canoodle|
|11||Distinguish||Differentiate||अंतर करना||distinguish, tell, differ|
|12||Beast of Prey||Any animals that hunts other animals for food||शिकार के लिए जानवर||animal of prey, carnivore, meat-eater|
|13||Novice||Someone new to a job||नया||fresh, neoteric, newly|
|14||Nonplus||be confused||उधेड़-बुन||bewildered, bemused, puzzled|
|15||Roaming round||wandering||घूमनेवाला||drift, meander, prowl|
|16||Wild||not domestic||जंगली||junglee, scapegrace, sylvan|
|17||Greets||welcomes||अभिवादन करना||hail, salaam, make a bid|
|18||Stripes||lines||धारियाँ||band, strip, belt|
|19||Node||to see validly||गाँठ||anbury, bale, gland|
|20||View||see||देखना||perceive, scrutinize, sight|
|21||Spots||marks||निशान||pop, dot, speck|
|22||Leopard||a big cat of the tiger family||तेंदुआ||leotard, leopardess, pard|
|23||Twill do no good||will not be of any use||टवील अच्छा नहीं करते||profitless, unusuable, valueless|
|24||Pain||suffering||पीड़ा||anguish, distress, soreness|
|25||Creature||animal||प्राणी||life form, organism, critter|
|26||Twill Hugs||embraces tightly||कसकर गले लगाता है||enfoldment, hug, scissors|
|27||Very hard||holds tightly||बहुत मुश्किल||arduous, exhausting, hard|
|28||Be sure||you must be sure||सुनिश्चित||make sure to, see that you, mind that you|
|29||Doubts||Suspects||संदेह||suspicion, hesitance, misgiving|
|30||Guess||I make a guess||अनुमान||estimate, approximate, calculate|
|31||Though||although||यद्यपि||even though, even if, inasmuch as|
|32||Crocodile||a large reptile with hard skin and big jaws||मगरमच्छ||alligator, antelope, buckskin|
|33||Tell||distinguish||भेद करना||differ, discriminate, mark off|
|34||Hyena||a wild animal like a dog||लकड़बग्घा||bush baby, gorilla, aardvark|
|35||Thus||in this way||इस प्रकार||consequently, so, thusly|
|36||Merry||happy||संतोषमय||joyful, joyous, glad|
|37||If they Weep||if the animals weep||रोते हैं||bleed, exude, ooze|
|38||Chameleon||a lizard like small creature||गिरगिट||opportunist, pretender, timeserver|
|39||Lizard||a small reptile||छिपकली||dragon. n., iguana, alligator|
|40||Ever||at any time||कभी||at any point, on any occasion, always|
|41||By chance||all of a sudden||इत्तफ़ाक़ से||perchance, haphazardly, happy-go-lucky|
|42||In the east||in the eastern regions||पूर्वी क्षेत्रों में||eastward, eastwards, eastwardly|
|43||Advance||coming towards||आगे बढ़ाना||outbid, further, carry forward|
|44||Large||huge||विशाल||spacious, large, gigantic, enormous|
About The Poet | Chapter 4 How to Tell Wild Animals
Carolyn Wells was an American author and poet born on January 18, 1862. A prolific writer of poems, mysteries, children’s literature, parodies, and other humorous pieces, Carolyn Wells was a prolific writer for over 40 years and was especially noted for her humor.
Short Summary Of Chapter 4 How to Tell Wild Animals
In the poem, Carolyn Wells humorously says that if by chance you go to any forest in the East and if a huge terrible Lanimal comes to you and if it roars loudly and if you are dying then you will come to know that it is an Asian Lion. She also says that if a wild animal with black stripes on yellow hide welcomes you and eats you then this simple rule will teach you that it is a Bengal tiger.
In the third stanza wells says that when strolling if you see whose hide is covered with spots and it jumps at you starts eating you then you will understand that it is a leopard. There will be no use of shouting with pain because and it will continuously eat you.
In the fifth stanza Wells says that if you are just walking around in your yard and an animal meets you and it hugs you tightly then believe that it is a bear.
If you have any doubt then I think that it will caress you. In the sixth stanza the poet says that a novice may be confused to recognize animals but you can differentiate between a crocodile and a hyena. A hyena always smiles but if it weeps then it is a crocodile.
Finally, in the last stanza, the poet says that an original chameleon is like a lizard. It doesn’t have ears or wings. If there is nothing on the tree then you will find there a chameleon as chameleon has the ability to camouflage itself.
The title innocently poses the question as to how one can identify wild animals, but as we read, we find that the poem suggests some dangerous ways of identifying wilds animals. In fact they are so dangerous that if one were to follow them one could even lose one’s life! The title proves to be ironical and does not give away the mischievous and delightful humor of the poet.
The theme of the poem is how dangerous wild beasts can be. The poet suggests some dangerous and imaginative ways to identify the wild animals. The poem is full of humorous examples when the poet tries to distinguish one animal from the others. It is not safe to be close to the tigers and lions but the poet ironically suggests very risky ways to identify these animals.
The poet suggests in a lighter and humorous vein that wild animals are very dangerous and one should exercise extreme caution when one is near them. One should keep a safe distance from them.
RHYME SCHEME OF THE POEM
RHYME SCHEME OF THE POEM
The rhyme scheme used in the poem is ABABCC in all stanzas.
- if he roars at you as you’re dyin’ (line 5)
- “Twill (line 17)
- lep and lep’ (stanza 3, line 6)
- Poetic licence
- ‘nonplus’ (stanza 5, line 2)
- Syntax and structure
The poem is written in six stanzas of six lines each. Each stanza tells about one wild animal and how one might identify
Roars-gives out long loud sound;
Tawny- brownish yellow;
Discern-see with insight, distinguish:
Novice- a beginner, a trainee,
TYPE I: REFERENCE TO CONTEXT (VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS)
TYPE I: REFERENCE TO CONTEXT (VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS)
Read the extracts and answer the following questions:
- If ever you should go by chance
To jungles in the east;
And if there should to you advance
A large and tawny beast,
If he roars at you as you’re dyin’
You’ll know it is the Asian Lion…
(i) What are features of an Asian Lion?
(ii) What happens when the lion roars?
(iii) How does the word tawny add to your understanding of the lion?
(iv) What is the physical appearance of the lion in the stanza?
(i) An Asian Lion is large and brownish-yellow in colour.
(ii) When the lion roars, it is very scary and it feels like we are going to die.
(iii) ‘Tawny’ means brownish-yellow in colour. It helps us in visualizing the color of the fur of the Asian lion.
(iv) The lion in the stanza is large and tawny.
- Or if some time when roaming round,
A noble wild beast greets you,
With black stripes on a yellow ground,
Just notice if he eats you.
This simple rule may help you learn
The Bengal Tiger to discern.
(i) How can you recognise a tiger?
(ii) Why does the poet call him a noble animal?
(iii) How is the Bengal Tiger different from the other animals?
(iv) What is the significance of a yellow ground’ here?
(i) A tiger can be recognised with the black stripes on his yellow hide.
(ii) The poet calls a him a noble animal as he is very impressive and elegant in size and does not loudly.
(iii) The Bengal Tiger is different from the other an as he is quiet and roams silently.
(iv) It stands for the background colour the tiger.
- If strolling forth, a beast you view,
Whose hide with spots is peppered,
As soon as he has lept on you,
You’ll know it is the Leopard.
Twill do no good to roar with pain,
He’ll only lep and lep again.
(i) While walking, how does a leopard’s hide appear to be?
(ii) When does one come to know that it is a leopard
(iii) What is peculiar about the word “Twill”
(iv) Why will it not do any good to roar with pain
(i) A leopard’s hide appears to be peppered or spotted while walking.
(ii) According to the poet, one comes to know that it is a leopard when it leaps or jumps on him.
(iii) Twill’ means ‘it will. The poet uses the l’int to create a poetic effect called Elision.
(iv) A leopard’s grip is the strongest one, so one can do anything under the grip of that beast but die.
- If when you’re walking round your yard
You meet a creature there,
Who hugs you very, very hard,
Be sure it is a Bear.
If you have any doubts,
I guess He’ll give you just one more caress.
(i) Who is going to hug and why?
(ii) What is this hug called?
(iii) What is the humor in the last line?
(iv) Where can a bear be found?
(i) The bear is going to hug you and try hard to embrace you.
(ii) The hug is called a bearhug.
(iii) in the last line the use of the word ‘caress’ for a bear is ironical and humorous since bears are ferocious and hardly capable of gentleness which is suggested by the word ‘caress’.
(iv) A bear can be found in the yard where it may ge nectar from the beehives.
- Though to distinguish beasts of prey
A novice might nonplus
The Crocodile you always may
Tell from the Hyena thus
Hyenas come with merry smiles;
But if they weep they’re Crocodiles
(i) Between which animals would it be difficult to differentiate?
(ii) How does a hyena differ from a crocodile?
(iii) Quote a saying famous for crocodiles
(iv) Where does a novice may get confused?
(i) It would be difficult to differentiate between a crocodile and a hyena.
(ii) A hyena laughs as it tears its victim, while a crocodile weeps as it cats its prey.
(iii) “Crocodile tears” is a famous saying for crocodiles
(iv) A novice may get confused in differentiating between a hyena and a crocodile.
- The true Chameleon is small,
A lizard sort of thing:
He hasn’t any ears at all,
And not a single wing.
If there is nothing on the tree,
Tis the chameleon you see.
(i) What does a chameleon look like?
(ii) Describe any two characteristics of a chameleon
(iii) Explain the fifth line.
(iv) Where can a chameleon be found?
(i) A chameleon looks like a lizard
(ii) A chameleon does not have ears or wings
(iii) The poet says that if there’s nothing to be seen on the tree the chameleon will be found there as a chameleon, in order to camouflage itself can take on the colour of the object on which it is resting
(iv) A chameleon can be found on the tree
TYPE II: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (30-40 WORDS EACH)
Answer the following questions:
- Does ‘dyin’ really rhyme with lion”? Can you say it in such a way that it does?
Ans. It does not really rhyme with lion. But it can be said to be rhyming as it is spoken that way. There is very small difference when it is spoken that way.
- How does the poet suggest that you identify the lion and the tiger? When can you do so, according to him?
Ans. The poet suggests that in order to identify a lion one should listen to his brownish-yellow colour and roar. It can be done when the lion comes near. The tiger has black stripes on the yellow background. He looks noble. He eats one as soon as he comes near.
- How does the poet describe the hyena and a crocodile?
Ans. The poet describes the crocodile and the hyena humourously. The crocodile has tears in his eyes when it comes near its victim. The hyena has a happy smile on its face. But one must not be mislead by their appearances as they are naturally such and both are equally menacing
- How does the poet create humour in the poem?
Ans. The poet creates humour in the poem by describing various beasts of prey differently and interestingly, It is created in his choice of by the use of words The Bengal tiger is never noble in his heart. The leopard kills his prey in moments. The victims’ crying won’t save him. The bear’s hug is never a ‘caress”. The hyena never smiles happily.
- What is a bear hug like?
Ans. A bearhug’ is the bear’s tight embrace. It is suffocating and leaves the victim limp and dead in the bear’s deathly embrace. There’s no way out for the poor victims if the bear chooses to “caress’ his victims.
- How can you identify the Asian lion and the Bengal Tiger?
Ans. The Asian Lion has a large body and a brownish yellow coat. It roars loudly when it attacks its prey. On the other hand, the Bengal Tiger has blackspots on its body and it leaps on its victims and devours them. It is dangerous and can leave its victims roaring with pain.
- What is the main idea of the poem, How to Tell Wild Animals”.
Ans. The poet, Carolyn Wells, suggests some dangerous but humorous ways to identify wild animals. The poem is full of humorous examples when the poet tries to distinguish one animal from the other. The poet conveys effectively how dangerous wild beasts can be.
- How can you distinguish between a tiger and a leopard?
Ans. A tiger has black stripes on its yellow coat. A leopard on the other hand, does not have any stripes. It has spots peppered on its body. Moreover, a tiger kills only when it is hungry, while a leopard can kill for the pleasure of killing by leaping continuously on its prey.
- What are the distinctive features of the Asian lion as given in the poem?
Ans. The Asian Lion is large in stature. It is brownish yellow in colour. It roars very loudly. The sound of its roar is so terrible to hear that it can make one almost die of fear. The Asian Lion is found in the forests of East Asian countries.
- What does the Bengal Tiger look like? What is so distinctive about him?
Ans. The Bengal Tiger roams freely in the forest. It is noble and majestic in stature. It sports black stripes on a yellow hide. When it notices someone it tries to eat him by leaping on him. The Bengal tiger attacks its prey very silently and devours it with his terrifying teeth.
- How does a leopard behave when he sees someone?
Ans. The leopard has black spots all over its body. As soon as it sees someone, it leaps over him at once. It keeps on pouncing continuously on its victim, attacks him and starts eating him. The victim may roar with pain but there’s no respite if one is attacked by the leopard.
- What are the characteristics of a chameleon.
Ans. A chameleon is a garden lizard and is an expert at camouflage. It changes its colour to match its surroundings. This ability of camouflage helps it in saving it from the hunters. A chameleon does not have any ears or wings.
TYPE III: LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS (100-120 WORDS EACH)
Answer the following questions:
- The poem becomes appealing due to the humor used by the poet. Discuss.
Ans. Carolyn Wells treats the poem with a keen sense of humor. His humor is infectious and tickles the readers’ funny bone. The poet, in the poem, “How to Tell Wild Animals’ creates humour by describing various beasts of prey like the bear, the Asian tiger, the Bengal tiger, hyenas and crocodiles. The tongue -in-cheek way the poet explains their traits and behaviors, is very funny and hilarious. The poet has depicted beasts very vividly and in an imaginative way. While reading the poem, the readers enjoy such expressions while describing the Asian lion like-‘If he roars at you as you’re dyin’. Again he uses the word ‘caress’ while describing a bear.
- The poem conveys in a humorous way an important message that one must be beware of wild animals. Discuss.
Ans. The theme of the poem is how dangerous wild beasts can be. The poet suggests some dangerous and imaginative ways to identify the wild animals. The poem is full of humorous examples when the poet tries to distinguish one animal from the others. It is not safe to be close to the tigers and lions but the poet ironically suggests very risky ways to identify these animals.
- Justify the title of the poem.
Ans. The title innocently poses the question as to how one can identify wild animals, but as we read, we find that the poem suggests some dangerous ways of identifying wilds animals. In fact they are so dangerous that if one were to follow them one could even lose one’s life! The title proves to be ironical and does not give away the mischievous and delightful humor of the poet. Nevertheless it conveys in a humorous way an important message that one must be beware of wild animals.
- The poet describes the bear quite humorously. Comment.
Ans. The poet describes the bear in the most funny way. He describes his hug as being very hard. He humorously says that if one has a doubt about his being a bear then he will readily caress you. The poet means that both his hug and his caresses are very dangerous and life threatening and one must be beware of him.
QUESTIONS FOR PRACTICE
- What is the bear’s caress like?
- What is the characteristic of a crocodile?
- Give an example of poetic liberty used in the poem.
- How can one spot the Bengal tiger?
- How does the leopard appear?