Word Meaning, Summary, Important Questions Of Chapter 1 Dust Of Snow | Class 10

Hindi Meaning Of Difficult Words | Chapter 1 Dust Of Snow

1Shookshakeहिल गया vibrate, tremble, quiver
2 Ruedheld in regretपछतानाdepreciate, repent, pity
3Change to become differentपरिवर्तन transfer, realignment, reconstruction
4Crowa birdकौआsquawk, screech, hoot
5Day a period of 24 hoursदिन period, time, era
6Dust very small pieces of dry dirtधूल dirt, mullock
7Heartthe organ inside your chestहृदयBosom, cardia, cordis
8Hemlocka poisonous tree with small white flowersहेमलॉक…..........
9Mood the way that you are feeling at a particular timeमिजाज humour, temper, disposition
10Part one of the pieces, areas, periods, things, etc अंश portion, section, piece
11Saved to keep somebody/something safe from death, harm, loss, etc.बचाया liberate, deliver, extricate
12Snow white pieces of frozen water that fall from the sky बर्फflakes, snowdrift, snowfield

About The Poet | Chapter 1 Dust Of Snow

Robert Lee Frost (1874-1963) was a popular American poet, appreciated for his vivid descriptions of rural life in New England. In this poem, the narrator describes snowflakes falling on him from a branch of a hemlock tree and how they uplift his hitherto depressed and negative mood, thus giving him the inspiration to live the present more happily.

Short Summary Of Chapter 1 Dust Of Snow In English

The poem expresses the power and significance of small things in changing one’s spirit and attitude towards life. A crow shakes off the powdery snow from the hemlock tree on to the poet. Frost suggests that in the same way one can shake off the sadness and gloom from one’s heart. The poet appreciates the white beauty of the snowflakes, which transformed his mood and saved many precious moments from being wasted away in regret.

TITLE JUSTIFICATION

The title is justified as the poem is centered on how the snowflakes, falling on the poet drove away his negativity and uplifted his mood. However, the poem is not about the dust of snow but about its impact on the poet. Thus, the title is an understatement and does not give away the theme, which is much deeper than what the title suggests. 

THEME

The poem ponders on the theme that sometimes even a small incident may prove to be of a larger significance.

The poet is upset in the beginning of the poem but a small incident of the falling of snow changes his mood completely. In the end of the poem, the poet feels relaxed and thankful to the nature for saving his day from being wasted.

MESSAGE

In the poem, Dust of Snow, Robert Frost, highlights that the little, seemingly insignificant incidents in life can make momentous changes in our future by imparting us new thoughts and outlook. If we can brave the hard times of life in our stride with fortitude, eventually some inspiring turn will come to change our sad situation into a happier one. Simple actions in life can make all the difference in other lives. One may think about those many kind acts that we do and how they brighten some other person’s day and sometimes even change his destiny.
Small is powerful and wholesome as it brings happiness and joy.

RHYME SCHEME OF THE POEM

The poem has two stanzas of four lines each. This short poem has the rhyme scheme, abab in both the stanzas.

POETIC DEVICES


The poem is simply worded and employs no poetic devices. 

Syntax and structure


The poem has two stanzas of four lines each. The lines are short. In fact there is only one sentence which is split into eight lines of the poem.

GLOSSARY


Hemlock-a poisonous plant with small white flower; 
Dust of snow-fine powdery snow flakes; 
Saved some part-prevent some time from being wasted; 
Rued- regret bitterly.

TYPE I: REFERENCE TO CONTEXT (VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS)

 

Read the extracts and answer the following questions:
The way a crow
Shook down on me
The dust of snow
From a hemlock tree. 
Questions


(i) What is the rhyme scheme used in the above lines?
(ii) Where is the poet?
(iii) What does the crow do?
(iv) What is hemlock?

Answers


(i) The rhyme scheme employed by the poet is abab.
(ii) The poet is out in the snow, beneath a hemlock tree.
(iii) The crow stirs the branch of the hemlock tree and a shower of powdery snow falls on the poet.
(iv) Hemlock is a tree.

Has given my heart
A change of mood
And saved some part 
Of a day I had rued.
Questions


(i) What is the above extract describing? 
(ii) What is the change brought about in the mood of the poet?
(iii) What has been ‘saved’ and by what? 
(iv) What is the rhyme scheme used in the above lines? 
Answers
(i) The line describes how the falling of the snow A affected the poet.
(ii) The poet’s mood is uplifted and he comes out of a negative state of mind.
(iii) The poet’s day had been marked by negative feelings. The snow dust falling on him suddenly brought him out of this mood and thus saved the rest of his day by making it happy and positive.
(iv) The rhyme scheme employed by the poet is abab. It is consistent and used throughout the poem.
Has given my heart
A change of mood 
And saved some part 
Of a day had rued.
Questions
(i) What is suggested by the word ‘rued’? 
(ii) How does the mood change in the second stanza? 
(iii) What has changed the pot’s mood? 
(iv) How does the poet feel?
Answers
(i) ‘Rued’ means to bitterly regret something. Before the snow dust fell on the poet he was in a mood of regret.
(ii) The snow dust fell on him and his mood of regret changed to that of happiness and optimism. 
(iii) The poet’s mood has been changed by the snow falling on him.
(iv) The poet feels happy.
And saved some part 
Of the day I had rued.
Questions
(i) Who is the speaker?
 (ii) Who has saved his day? 
(iii) How has his day been saved?
(iv) When did his rue the day?
Answers
(i) The speaker is the poet. Robert Frost
(ii) His day has been saved by a crow. 
(iii) A shower of snow falling on him changed his mood and thus his day was saved. 
(iv) He had rued the day before the snow shower fell on him.
TYPE II: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (30-40 WORDS EACH)
Answer the following questions:
What is a “dust of snow? What does the poet say has changed his mood? How has the poet’s mood changed? 
Ans. A dust of snow’ means the powder of snow which has been showered down by the movement of the crow when it shook down a snow laden branch. The sudden shower of snow changed the poet’s mood from depression and sadness to joy. He was full of negativity when the powder of snow fell on him and this simple little incident him made him happy for the rest of the day.
How does Frost present nature in this poem? The following questions may help you to think of an answer.
(i) What are the birds that are usually named in poems? Do you think a crow is often mentioned in poems? What images come to your mind when you think of a crow?
(ii) Again, what is “a hemlock tree”? Why doesn’t the poet write about a more beautiful’ tree such as a maple, or an oak, or a pine? 
(iii) What do the crow’ and ‘hemlock’ represent joy or sorrow? What does the dust of snow that the crow shakes off a hemlock tree stand for? 
Ans. Frost has presented nature with an attitude of respect and veneration. Crow, a black, harsh voiced bird is a symbol of bad omen. Similarly, a hemlock tree is a poisonous plant with white blooms. The crow and hemlock tree represent sorrow and depression felt by him. On the other hand, the dust of snow is the symbol of nature, simple joy and energy. It means that after experiencing sad and depressing moments the poet experiences joy and optimism owing to nature
Have there been times when you felt depressed or hopeless? Have you experienced a similar moment that changed your mood that day? 
Ans. Yes, there are often times when I have felt depressed and hopeless. I felt very depressed when once my father could not buy for me a mobile phone that I wanted very much. I felt so depressed and cheated. But that night my mother made my favourite pudding and I forgot my sadness. This way, a simple event changed my mood.
What was the pot’s mood when he was standing under the hemlock tree?
Ans. The poet was depressed and hopeless. He was in a state of sorrowful mood. Probably he was lost in his negative thoughts, standing under the hemlock tree. It was by chance that he was standing under the hemlock tree. It is later that he perceived it as a symbol of his thoughts about the death and the negativity of life.
What does the snow shower represent in the poem?
Ans. The snow shower that falls on the poet represents the small things that have the power to change and uplift man’s mood. The poet was depressed and hopeless. The raining down of snowflakes on him immediately improved his mood, and he was cheered up. He felt joy and gratitude to be alive on a beautiful day. 
What is the tone of the Poem ‘Dust of Snow”?
Ans. In the beginning of the poem The tone of “Dust of Snow” is sad, but when the poet describes the impact of the snow dust on him, he feels inspired. It reflects the change that has already taken place in the poet’s heart from being sorrowful to joyful, after experiencing the shower of snowflakes upon himself. He is pleasantly conscious of the brightening of his mood. He now feels blessed to be alive and able to watch and appreciates nature’s beautiful sights,
What is the significance of ‘hemlock’ in the poem? 
Ans. Hemlock is the name of the poisonous tree. Thus, the hemlock tree is a symbol of death. Walking by the hemlock tree could, in fact, have seemed like an ill omen to the poet, and could have upset him further on this unpleasant day. Ironically it proved to be the opposite since the snow falling from its branches brought him out of a negative mood.
Why was the poet standing under the hemlock tree? 
Ans. The poet was depressed and hopeless. He was in a state of sorrowful mood. Probably he was lost in his negative thoughts, standing under the hemlock tree. It was by chance that he was standing under the hemlock tree. It is later that he perceived it as a symbol of his thoughts about the death and the negativity of life.
What is the message of the poem?
Ans. Frost suggests the falling of the snow on him was one of the many simple and apparently insignificant day to day events, which had magical powers to transform one’s negative moods into happy ones. He further suggests that the present is beautiful and man should not allow gloom and sorrow to spoil his precious time. Man must allow nature to work its magic on one’s spirits or he will regret losing out on precious moments.
What makes it a memorable poem?
Ans. The poem is memorable because of its deep message of the importance enjoying the present moment which is expressed so simply and briefly.
TYPE III: LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS (100-120 WORDS EACH)
Answer the following questions: 
How did an insignificant event pull out the author from a sad mood?
Ans. The poet was depressed and hopeless. He was in a state of sorrowful mood. Probably he was lost in his negative thoughts, standing under the hemlock tree. A crow alighted on a branch of one of those trees. causing the mass of snowflakes on it to shower down. on the poet. The snowflakes were so light and powdery that the poet thought they resembled dust particles. However, this raining down of snowflakes immediately improved his mood, and he was cheered up. He felt joy and gratitude to be alive on a beautiful day.
What change did the poet notice in himself after the crow showered snow dust on him?
Ans. In the beginning of the poem The tone of “Dust of Snow is sad, but when he describes the impact of the snow dust on him, he feels inspired. It reflects the change that has already taken place in the poet’s heart from being sorrowful to joyful, after experiencing the shower of snowflakes upon himself. He is pleasantly conscious of the brightening of his mood. He now feels blessed to be alive and able to watch and appreciates nature’s beautiful sights. With this the day looked more promising and beautiful to him and he became happy and full of life.
The poem shows how nature inspired Robert Frost. Comment.
Ans. Frost was really inspired by nature. It is evident in the poem. He has presented nature with an attitude of respect and veneration. Crow, a black, harsh voiced bird is a symbol of bad omen. Similarly, the hemlock tree is a poisonous plant with white blooms. The crow and the hemlock tree represent sorrow and depression felt by him. On the other hand, the dust of snow is the symbol of nature, simple joy and energy it can give to a receptive person. It means that after experiencing sad and depressing moments the poet experiences joy and optimism owing to nature.
How is the title of the poem justified?
Ans. The title is justified as the poem is centered on how, once the snowflakes, falling on the poet drove away his negativity and uplifted his mood. However, the poem is not about the dust of snow but about its impact on the poet. Thus, the title is an understatement and does not give away the theme, which is much deeper than what the title suggests. The poem expresses the power and significance of
small things in changing one’s spirit and attitude towards life. It conveys the idea that seemingly insignificant incidents in life can make momentous changes in our future by imparting us new and outlook. thoughts
How does Frost suggest that simple things are indeed great?
Ans. The poem expresses strongly the message of the power and significance of small seemingly insignificant things by transforming one’s spirit and attitude towards life. While the narrator is out walking in the snow, a crow shakes off the fine, powdery snow from a hemlock tree on to the poet. This simple action brought out a great uplift in the poet’s mental life. The poet appreciates the white beauty of the snowflakes, which transformed his mood and saved many precious moments from being wasted away in regret. Frost suggests that in the same way one can shake off the sadness and gloom from one’s heart as life has much make man happy. Thus Frost suggest that simple things are indeed great.
QUESTIONS FOR PRACTICE
What does the hemlock tree stand for the poet?
How is nature described in the poem? 
Why is the poet indebted to the crow?
‘Simple things are really great.’ Justify the statement in the context of the poem. 
Describe the symbolic importance of the crow, snow and hemlock tree.

Download Free pdf Previous Year Paper For NCERT English Class 10

For more chapters word meanings click on the links given below.

Download Free pdf For NCERT English Solutions Class 10

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 English First Flight Poem

NCERT English Solutions for Class 10 First Flight Prose

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Footprints Without Feet

Leave a Comment