Word Meaning, Summary, Important Questions Of Chapter 1 The Road Not Taken | Class 9

Hindi Meaning Of Difficult Words The Road Not Taken

Short Summary Of The Road Not Taken English

In the poem “The Road Not Taken the poet stands at a crossing of two roads and is in a dilemma which road he should choose. One road looks frequently travelled and the other one looks less travelled and grassy. The poet takes the second road and hopes that he would take the first road some other day although he is not sure whether he would ever come back. The poet after travelling a long distance realises that he has not made right choice by choosing the less travelled road. He thinks that if he had taken the other road, it would have been more fruitful. As a matter of fact, the poet is perhaps not happy with his choice of becoming a poet. He thinks it would have been more rewarding if he had chosen another profession.

INTRODUCTION

The Road Not Taken’ is one of the finest poems of Robert Frost. This poem has a deep meaning. It deals with the problem of making a right choice. Many times in our life we are faced with alternative choices when it is difficult to decide which one is to choose but the decisions we take influence our future. Sometimes after many years we do repent for not choosing the other one. In this poem, the poet has beautifully symbolised the two roads with the carcers we choose in our life.

TITLE JUSTIFICATION

The title “The Road Not Taken’ is apt, appropriate and logical. The poet after travelling a long distance thinks about the road that he does not take and realises that he has chosen wrong road. He wishes if he had taken the other road, it would have proved more rewarding. But now he can do nothing as his choice is irrevocable. It is very difficult to say whether the road we have chosen will lead us to the desired end.

THEME

Through the poem “The Road Not Taken’ the poet wants to tell us that in our life when we have to make a choice. out of many choices, we should be very careful to do so. Otherwise if in a haste we make a wrong choice, in the long run even our hard work does not yield as good result as if we had chosen a right one.

MESSAGE

If we are strong, then we can overcome our troubles. So we should make ourselves strong. This is the central message of the poem. When the wind blows, it causes destruction only to the weak things that lie in its path. If the structures along the path are strong, then the wind cannot blow them away. The wind is a symbol of problem and obstacles which are to be dealt without fear. If we are strong, the wind will be our friend. We must be friends with the wind and obstacles to cope with hard situations.

RHYME SCHEME OF THE POEM

The rhyme-scheme of the poem “The Road Not Taken’ is ab aa b. The thymes are end rhymes. Perfect rhymes are “lay and way’ and slant rhymes are both and undergrowth.

 

POETIC DEVICES

The poem contains four stanzas and each stanza contains five lines. This is called a quintain. Thus the poem contains four quintains. 

  1. Personification

Example: • Two roads diverged in a yellow wood. Here the poet is not talking about a road fork in the woods. Instead he is using the concept of a diverging road to relate to making decisions in life.

  1. Metaphor 

Example: • In the poem the poet uses the fork in the road as a metaphor for the choices we make in life.

  1. Repetition 

Example: • Somewhere ages and ages hence. 

  1. Syntax and structure

Example: • Long I stood we normally say “I stood long

 

GLOSSARY

Diverge- to separate and go in a different direction, 

Wood- forest, 

Traveller- a person who travels,  

Fair- nice, 

Claim- demand, 

Grassy- full of grass, 

Though- in spite of something. 

Lay- placed horizontally, 

Trodden- walked over, 

Know- to have information, 

Doubt- uncertainty, 

Age- a very long time, 

Difference- a point or way in which people or things are not same,

TYPE I: REFERENCE TO CONTENT (VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS)

Read the extracts and answer the following questions: 

 

  1. Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, 

And sorry I could not travel both

Questions.

(i) Where is the poet standing at this moment?

(ii) Why does the poet feel sorry?

(iii) Where do the two roads diverge in?

(iv) Name the poem and the poet.

Answers

(i) The poet is standing at a junction in a yellow forest where two roads separated in two different directions. 

(ii) The poet feels sorry because he is unable to travel on both the roads.

(iii) The two roads diverge in a yellow wood. 

(iv) The poem is “The Road Not Taken’ and it is written by Robert Frost.

 

  1. And be one traveller, long I stood

And looked down one as far as I could 

To where it bent in the undergrowth;

Questions

(i) How does the poet feel being the lonely traveller? 

(ii) Why does the poet stand there for a long time?

(iii) What is he looking at?

(iv) Where does the road disappear from his eyes?

Answers

(i) The poet feels sorry for being the lonely traveller. 

(ii) The poet stands there for a long time to decide on which road he should choose to travel on.

(iii) He is looking at the road down as far as he could. 

(iv) The road disappears from his eyes in bushes and low trees.

 

  1. Then took the other, just as fair, 

And having perhaps the better claim,

Because it was grassy and wanted wear, 

Questions 

(i) Which road does the poet eventually choose?

(ii) Why does he choose it?

(iii) Explain the phrase “as just as fair. 

(iv) Explain the phrase “grassy and wanted wear.

Answers 

(i) The poet eventually chooses the other road which is less travelled.

(ii) He chooses this road because it is still grassy and has not worn off due to walking of the traveller. 

(iii) The phrase “as just as fair’ here means that the road is exactly the same and equally beautiful a the first one.

(iv) The second road is “grassy and wanted wear a means the second road was grassy because it had not worn off due to walking of the travellers.

 

  1. And both that morning equally lay 

In leaves no step had trodden black.

Questions

(i) What does the word “both’ refer to here? 

(ii) What were they covered with?

(iii) What had not been blackened? 

(iv) Who would blacken them and how?

Answers

(i) The word ‘both’ here refers to both the roads. 

(ii) They were covered with fallen leaves.

(iii) The leaves had not been blackened. 

(iv) The travellers would blacken them by their steps.

 

  1. Oh, I kept the first for another day!

Yet knowing how way leads on to way,

I doubted if I should ever come back.

Questions

(i) Why did the poet leave the first road?

(ii) What do the two roads represent?

(iii) What was the poet aware of? 

(iv) What doubt harboured in the mind of the poet?

Answers

(i) The poet left the first road thinking that he would use it on some other day.

(ii) The two roads represent two different options in life. 

(iii) The poet was aware how one way leads to another.

(iv) The poet would go so far on the first road that he doubted if he would ever come back to walk on another one.

 

  1. I shall be telling this with a sigh 

Somewhere ages and ages hence,

Questions

(i) Is the poet happy with his choice?

(ii) What does the word ‘this’ refer to here?

(iii) What will the poet be telling with a sigh?

(iv) Explain ages and ages hence’.

Answers

(i) No, the poet is not happy with his choice.

(ii) Here the word “this refer to the poet’s choice of the road. 

(iii) The poet will be telling with a sigh about the options that he has chosen.

(iv) The phrase “ages and ages hence’ means many many years from now onwards.

 

TYPE II: SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS (30-40 WORDS EACH)

Answer the following questions: 

 

  1. Where does the traveller find himself? What problem does he face?  

Ans. The traveller finds himself at a point where two roads diverge. His problem is to decide on which road he should walk.

 

  1. Discuss what these phrases mean to you.

(i) a yellow wood 

(ii) it was grassy and wanted wear

(iii) the passing there

(iv) leaves no step had trodden black.

(v) how way leads on to way 

Ans. (i) A forest in the autumn season.

(ii) The road was grassy because it was a less travelled road. It wanted people to move on it.

(iii) It implies walking on the road. 

(iv) It means the leaves had not been crushed under the feet of travellers.

(v) How one road leads to another.

 

  1. Is there any difference between the two roads as the poet describes them?

(i) in stanzas two and three?

(ii) in the last two lines of the poem?

Ans. (i) There is no difference between the two roads in stanzas two and three. 

(ii) In the last two lines of the poem the poet tells that the road he opted for is less travelled. 

 

  1. What do you think the last two lines of the poem mean? (Looking back, does the poet regret his choice or accept it?)

Ans. The last two lines have the quintes-sence of the poem. The poet expresses his opinion that it becomes difficult for a normal human being to change his/her decision. The intends to walk on the first road but he couldn’t do so because life does not offer multiple chances to choose. The decision taken may mar one’s future or lead one success It makes all the differences. He now repents for not getting a chance to travel on the first road.

 

  1. What was the poet’s dilemma? 

Ans. The poet was standing before the two roads. He was to decide which one would lead him to success. It was not easy for him to decide. So he stood there and introspected.

 

TYPE III: LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS (100-150 WORDS EACH)

Answer the following questions:

 

  1. Have you ever had to make a difficult choice (or do you think you will have difficult choices to make)? How will you make the choice (for what reasons)? 

Ans. Such situations occur in everyone’s life. In today’s world people have numerous alternatives. But the decision should be taken after considering all the ins and outs of the situation. We must ruminate over the disadvantages also.

(Students can write their own experiences)

 

  1. After you have made a choice do you always think about what might have been, or do you accept the reality? 

Ans. One should live in the present and not in the past. The philosophy of is’ is the key to attaining success. Life is not a bed of roses. Its hurdles are to be crossed bravely. One must not feel nervous and get dejected in the trying circumstances. On some instances, one needs to be confident about the choice he/she makes.

 

  1. Making a right choice in life is a very difficult task. Do you agree? Give your answer with reference to the poem The Road Not Taken.

Ans. There is no denying the fact that making a right choice in life is a difficult task. So while making any major choice we should be very careful. We should not make the choice in a haste. As once we select a wrong choice and start working on it, it does not yield a good result as per our hard work and then we repent over our choice but till then it is too late The poet in the poem has reached a turning point i where he has to choose a road. He opts for a road which is less travelled by and leaves the first for another day. But he is doubtful if he has opted for at right choice.

He thinks, if his choice is wrong, after many many years, he would repent for this choice and tell this to people with a sigh.

 

  1. What is the dilemma of the poet in The Road Not Taken? How does Frost use the fork in the road as t a metaphor for the choices we make in life? How does he resolve this dilemma and with what result? Had you been in place of the poet, would you have. chosen the same road as chosen by the poet? If not, give reasons for your choice.

Ans. Robert Frost’s poem “The Road Not Taken’ is about the choices that one makes in life. In the poem, Frost uses the fork in the road as a metaphor for the choices we make in our lives. How our life will shape much depends on what option, and what direction we choose in life. The dilemma before the poet is how to make the right choice. Two roads are separating in a yellow forest. Both are equally fair. The poet sees the first road as far as it goes and assesses the situation. Then he turns to the second road as fair as the first one. But the second road is less travelled. The poet resolves the dilemma by choosing the road which is less travelled by. He keeps the first road for another day. He knows that it becomes impossible to come back to the road one has left for another day. Frost himself chose the risky and unconventional profession of becoming a poet. Perhaps he was not happy for making his choice. Perhaps the road that was not taken would have proved more rewarding But once choice is made it becomes irrevocable. And this choice has made all the difference in life, Being a man of adventurous nature. I would like to follow the unconventional path like the poet. 

 

  1. The poet will be telling “this with a sigh” that he took the road less travelled by’ and ‘that has made all the difference. What is the difference that he poet mentions? Do you believe in making choices that are less “risky and acceptable or the ones which are adventurous, ambitious and unconventional? Give reasons for your choice.

Ans. The poet resolved the dilemma of making a choice. He chose the road that was less travelled by. Here, the two roads represent two options, two alternatives, two ways and two directions of life The poet left the more acceptable and convenient road thinking that he would walk on it on another day. Though he doubted that once followed a path it would become impossible for him to come back to the one he had left. The poet had options to follow the road that led to prosperity, fame and money It could have been a less risky and acceptable conventional option. But he chose to be a poet. His choice made all the difference in his life. Perhaps the road he had not taken would have proved more rewarding. Perhaps other professions would have proved more fruitful. The poet would regret it but without any redressal. The choice had been made and was irrevocable.

I believe in making choices which are adventurous, ambitious and unconventional. The reason is simple. I am young and full of vigour. I like to come across new challenges in life.

 

QUESTIONS FOR PRACTICE

  1. What is the dilemma of the poet?
  2. How does the poet resolve the dilemma? 
  3. Explain ‘I shall be telling this with a sigh.
  4. Do you think the poet has made a right choice? Why/Why not? 
  5. Why does the poet feel a deep regret over his choice?

For more chapters word meanings click on the links given below.

Beehive Poetry

English Moments

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