Definitions at a Glance English Grammar For Class 6
Definitions at a Glance
1. A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete meaning.
There are four kinds of sentences: statements, questions, commands and exclamations.
2. A subject in a sentence is a person or a thing about whom something is said in the sentence.
3. A predicate is what is said about a subject in a sentence.
4. A noun is the name of a person, a place, an animal or a thing.
5. A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place or thing.
6. A common noun is the name common to every member of the same class or kind.
7. A collective noun is the name of a group of persons or things taken together.
8. A material noun is the name of a material of which a thing is made.
9. An abstract noun is the name of a quality, a feeling or a state.
10. Nouns that refer to males are called the masculine gender.
11. Nouns that refer to females are called the feminine gender.
12. Nouns that refer to both males and females are called the common gender.
13. Nouns that refer to neither males nor females are said to be the neuter gender.
14. A, An and The are articles. These are used before nouns or noun phrases.
15. An adjective is a word that describs a noun. There are eight kinds of adjectives: Adjectives of quality, Adjectives of quantity, Numeral Adjectives, Distributive Adjectives, Demonstrative Adjectives, Interrogative Adjectives, Possessive Adjectives and Proper Adjectives.
16. A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. There are nine kinds of pronouns: Personal Pronouns, Relative Pronouns, Interrogative Pronouns, Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns, Demonstrative Pronouns, Distributive Pronouns, Indefinite Pronouns and Possessive Pronouns.
17. A verb is a word which expresses an action or tells something about a person or a thing.
18. A verb which requires an object to complete its meaning is called a Transitive Verb.
19. A verb which does not require an object to complete its meaning is called an Intransitive Verb.
20. Tense means the time of action. It is indicated by verbs. There are three tenses: Present, Past and Future.
21. An adverb is a word that tells more about a verb, an adjective or an adverb. There are six kinds of adverbs: adverbs of manner, adverbs of time, adverbs of place, adverbs of frequency, adverbs of degree and interrogative adverbs.
22. A preposition is a word which shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun with another word in a sentence.
23. A conjunction is a word that joins groups of words and sentences together.
24. A synonym is a word having a meaning similar to another word.
25. An antonym is a word having a meaning opposite to another word.