The Personal Pronouns - Number, Gender and Case English Grammar For Class 6

The Personal Pronouns Number, Gender and Case

We know that
1. Nouns can be used in Singular or Plural Number. 2. Nouns can be of Masculine, Feminine, Common or Neuter Gender. 3. Nouns can be in the Nominative or Possessive or Accusative Case.
Since we use Pronouns in place of Nouns, therefore we have to study the Number, Gender and Case in Pronouns as well.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Personal Pronouns are sub-divided into three persons: first person (i.e., the speaker or speakers), second person (i.e., the person/people spoken to) and third person (ie., the person/people or thing/things spoken about).
Study the following table:

The Personal Pronouns Number, Gender and Case
The Personal Pronouns Number, Gender and Case

Note: “You’ is used in place of thou’ these days. Thou is usually used in poetry.

The Personal Pronouns Number, Gender and Case

It is obvious from the above tables that Personal Pronouns have the same Number and Gender as the Nouns for which they stand. 
The Personal Pronouns of the First Person refer to the speaker of the sentence.
Example: I have a bag.
The Personal Pronouns of the Second Person refer to the person spoken
Example: You are not an intelligent student.
The Personal Pronouns of the Third Person refer to the person or thing spoken of.
Example: He liked the pen you gave.
1. The Pronouns on the left are in Singular Number. 
The Pronouns on the right are in Plural Number. 
‘You’ and ‘yours’ can be either Singular or Plural.
2. (1) The First and the Second Person can be used both for Masculine and Feminine Gender.
(ii) ‘He’, ‘him’, and his’ are used for Masculine Gender. “She’, ‘her’, and ‘hers’ are used for Feminine Gender. It is used for Neuter Gender, but it is also used for small children and animals. They’, ‘their’ and ‘them’ are used for all Genders. 
3. (i) ‘I’ and ‘ we’ are used for Nominative Case (ie, as Subject of the Verb).
Examples: I always speak the truth.
We always speak the truth. 
‘Me’ and ‘us’ are used for Accusative or Objective Case (i.e., as Object of the Verb). 
Examples: My teachers advise me.
Our teachers advise us. 
(ii) You’ is used for both Nominative and Accusative Case.
Examples: You respect your parents. (Nominative Case) 
Your parents love you. (Accusative Case)
‘Yours’ is used for Possessive Case. 
Example: Are these books yours?
(iii) ‘He’, ‘she’, ‘it’ and ‘they’ are used for Nominative Case. 
‘Him’, ‘her’, ‘it’ and ‘them’ are used for Accusative Case.
‘His’, ‘hers’, and ‘theirs’ are used for Possessive Case.
Study the following table carefully:

The Personal Pronouns Number, Gender and Case

If we use a Personal Pronoun as the object of a Preposition, we must use its Accusative or Objective form.

Examples: Mohini has sent these gifts for me.

My younger brother is depending on us.

Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with ‘I’ or ‘me’. 
1. Let……….. go to play.
2. ………… should do it myself.
3. She is younger than …….. (am).
4. Who is taller, you or ……….?
5……….. know you very well.
6. Where is the boy who came to see…………? 
7. This is the bike you bought for………….
8. He has bought this book for……. not for you.
9. Father, will you allow Rakesh and ………  to go to the movie?
10. Have you brought anything for……….?

Exercise 2
Fill in the blanks with suitable Personal Pronouns.
1. Who is that man? Do you know……………?.
2. This story is very amusing. Have you read ………. ?
3. Supriya is in trouble. Can you help…………….?
4. I saw him but he didn’t see ……….
5. Mr. Verma was ill, so ……… didn’t attend the meeting. are very delicious. 
6. Who has made these sweets? 

Exercise 3
Fill in the blanks with ‘you’, ‘your’ or ‘yours”: 
1. I am older than …………
2. This purse is …………, Madam.
3. Have ………… attempted these sums yourself?
4. I am sorry to have disturbed………….. 
5. This is my shirt. That must be.………………
6. Have you taken……………. meal?

Exercise 4
Fill in the blanks with ‘ my’, ‘mine’, ‘our’ or ‘ours’. 
1. While we were at Srinagar, we met a friend of …………
2. This is……………. pencil.
3. We have done………. homework.
4. These books are……. 
5. Your story book is interesting; ………… is not (interesting).
6. These are your books and those are …………
7. This ball is……
8. We are going to ………… school.
9. These toys are yours, but those are …………
10. Can you help me in solving ………… sums?

Exercise 5
Change the following sentences into Plural form: 
1. I blame myself for it.
2. He has played a game.
3. I take exercise daily.
4. I gave him a rupee and he thanked me.
5. I brush my teeth daily.
6. He was sleeping soundly.
7. I want some money.
8. Here is your pen, take it away.
9. He hid himself behind the wall.
10. “What do I have today?” asked the boy.

Exercise 6
Fill in the blanks with ‘he’, ‘him’, ‘she’, ‘ her’, ‘they’ or ‘them’:
1. Did you see Mohit?…….. is my brother.
2. I can play much better than……………. (plays).
 3……………. have found out the truth themselves.
4. Tell those students that……………. must be on time.
5. I met some of my friends…………….. were on their way to school.
6. Did……………. hurt her toe when….. was running?
7. There sits Mohan’s brother. ……….. is Sohan.
8. They have not finished their work. Tell ………..to hurry up.
9. Tell ……….. to finish his lunch;……….. is getting late.
10. Tell ………. that they must wait for us.

Leave a Comment