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The Adjective English Grammar For Class 6

The Adjective

An Adjective is a word used to say something about the Noun (or, Pronoun).
Examples: black cat, dirty shirt, little water, these girls, one book, beautiful flower, clever boy, rich man, long tail, a black snake, ripe mangoes, several girls, etc.
The words black, dirty, little, these, one, beautiful, clever, rich, long black, ripe, and several say something about the Nouns, i.e. cat, shirt, water, girls, book, flower, boy, man, tail, snake, mangoes and girls respectively. So these are called adjectives.

Exercise 1
Circle the Adjectives in the following:
1. My sister, Mrs. Jenny Gargery, was tall and bony with black hair, black eyes and a red face. She had a sharp tongue and was always scolding Joe and me. I do not know why she scolded Joe so often. He was a dear good fellow. He loved me like a father.
2. Little Boy Tunney
There was a little boy
And his name was Joe Tunney
He had but one failing
He tried to be funny.
He made himself noticed
In all public places.
By making loud noises
And terrible faces.
One day at the Circus
He wouldn’t sit down.
He stood up and tried
To perform like a clown.

KINDS OF ADJECTIVES
There are eight kinds of Adjectives:
1. Adjectives of Quality
2. Adjectives of Quantity
3. Numeral Adjectives
4. Distributive Adjectives
5. Demonstrative Adjectives
6. Interrogative Adjectives
7. Possessive Adjectives
8. Proper Adjectives

1. ADJECTIVES OF QUALITY
Adjectives of quality tell us about the quality of a person or a thing we are talking about.
Examples:
1. Mr. Yadav is a good teacher.
2. She is a kind lady.
3. This is a beautiful picture.
4. The elephant is a strong animal.
5. Mumbai is a large city.
6. Swarna is an intelligent lady.
7. Sachin is a great cricketer.
8. I like ripe mangoes.
Words, which tell us what kind of a person or a thing is, are called Adjectives of Quality.

Exercise 2
Fill in the blanks with suitable Adjectives of Quality.
1. A ………. man.
2. A ……….. animal.
3. A ………. medicine.
4. A ……… book.
5. A ………. face
6. An ………… coat.
7. ………. grass.
8. ………. hair.
9. ………. eyes.
10. A ………. house.
11. A ……… meal.
12. A ……… voice.
13. A ……… flower.
14. A ……… woman.
15. A ……… car
16. An ……… skin.
17. A ……… light.
18. A ……… table.

2. ADJECTIVES OF QUANTITY
Such adjectives which tell us how much of a thing is intended are called Adjectives of Quantity
Adjectives of Quantity answer the question: How much?
Examples:
1. There is little water in the jug.
2. Please lend me some sugar.
3. He does not have much money.
4. He ate some of the pudding.
5. You take much care of your younger brother.

3. NUMERAL ADJECTIVES OR ADJECTIVES OF NUMBER
Such Adjectives, which indicate the number of persons or things meant or the place of a person or thing in a certain order are called Adjectives of Numbers.
Examples:
1. He is fifty years old.
2. We are eight brothers and sisters.
3. They were the first guests to arrive.
4. Did you get any letter from your brother this month?
5. There are only a few seats lying vacant.
6. Here are ten rupees for you.
7. I have many friends.
8. This is the second edition of the book. him.
9. Two boys came running to
10.He warned Meena several times.
11. Her mother bought her a few dolls.
12. We have no fans in the kitchen.

4. DISTRIBUTIVE ADJECTIVES
Distributive Adjectives refer to persons or things in a group, one at a time.
Examples:
1. Each man has two votes.
2. Either book will do.
3. Each player did his best in the match.
4. He gave me two pens. Neither of the pens was good.
5. I have read every book you gave me.

5. DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES
Demonstrative Adjectives point out the persons, places or things which they refer to, namely, this, that, these, those, such, same, yonder.
Examples:
1. This book is very costly.
2. These shoes are for sale.
3. Those girls will take part in one-act play.
4. That picture is very beautiful.
5. Rama and Rani are in the same class.
6. He lives in yonder house.
7. We don’t like such songs.
Demonstrative Adjectives answer the question: Which?

6. INTERROGATIVE ADJECTIVES
Interrogative Adjectives are used with Nouns to ask questions.
Examples:
1. Which shirt do you like the most?
2. What place would you like to see in Delhi?
3. Whose pen was lost in the ground?
If an Interrogative Pronoun is followed by a Noun in an interrogative sentence, it becomes an Interrogative Adjective.
The words ‘What’, ‘ Which’ and ‘Whose are called Interrogative Adjectives when used with Nouns to ask questions.

7. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
Possessive Adjectives indicate possession or ownership.
Examples:
1. My car needs repairs.
2. The plant is losing its flowers.
3. That is your house. 4. This is her book.
Possessive Adjectives answer the question: Whose?

3. PROPER ADJECTIVES
Proper Adjectives are Proper Nouns, used in an adjective form.
Examples:
1. He is an Indian. (Proper Noun)
2. He is an Indian soldier. (Proper Adjective)
3. I went to visit China. (Proper Noun)
4. I enjoyed the Chinese food. (Proper Adjective)

Exercise 3
Fill in the blanks with adjectives of quantity, numeral adjectives or distributive adjectives.
1. How ………… films have you seen this week?
2. How …………. milk can you drink at a time?
3. He lives on the ……….. floor.
4. He is a man of ……….. Words.
5……………. side scored any goal.
6. The theatre is………….. you’ll have to wait for the next show.
7. Are there……….. boys in the classroom?
8. He realised that there was………… truth in what she said.
9. He is ………. fool.
10. The old man was the ……….. person to get into the bus

Exercise 4
Fill in the blanks with an adjective opposite in meaning to the word in italics. Choose the words from the box.
big, blunt, foolish, barren, true, stale, active, dead, difficult, shallow
1. A live dog is better than a ……… lion.
2. This bread is not fresh. It is ………
3. A small leak may sink a ……. ship.
4. You will not succeed if you are lazy. You must be ………..
5. A false story does not appeal to us as much as a ……….. one.
6. This exercise is quite easy but that is the most …….. one.
7. The land was not fertile. It was ……………….
8. This knife was sharp once, it is ………… now.
9. A fox is clever whereas a crow is …………….
10. A well is deep whereas a pond is …………..

Exercise 5
Fill in the blanks with suitable Adjectives given in the brackets:
1. I gave him ……………rupees I had. (few/a few/the few)
2. knowledge is a dangerous thing. (Little/A little/ The little)
3. The flower fades unseen. (Many/Many a)
4. He was the man to come. (latest/last)
5. I drank the milk. (all/whole)
6. This is the but not the………… book. (last/latest)
7. His house is to the hospital. (next/nearest)
8. Do you live ………. from the town? (farther/further)
9. Do you have ……….. mangoes? (some/any)
10. My ……… brother is………………..than Shyam. (older/elder)

Exercise 6
Fill in the blanks choosing the word from the given choices.
1. Malini wrote …….. letters to her mother.
(i) much (ii) many (iii) any (iv) few
2. ……… men desire to succeed in the world.
(i) every (ii) all (iii) few (iv) no
3. Thank you very ……….
(i) much (ii) many (iii) enough (iv) well
4. India expects ….. one to work hard.
(i) each (ii) every (iii) all (iv) none
5. Can you see ………. milk in the jug?
(i) some (ii) any (iii) no (iv) all
6. The car gave me ……………. trouble.
(i) any (ii) a few (iii) much (iv) many
7. She has ………. patience.
(i) little (ii) much (iii) no (iv) a little
8. There are …….. marbles in his pocket.
(i) many (ii) any (iii) a little (iv) much
9. ……… man commits mistakes.
(i) Every (ii) All (iii) No (iv) Each
10. …….. girl gave a bouquet to the chief guest.
(i) Each (ii) Any (iii) All (iv) many

Exercise 7
Fill in the blanks with the correct Adjective given in the brackets.
1. Soldiers are …………. (brave/coward).
2. …………. water spreads diseases (Dirty/Clean).
3. The colour of the sky is …………. (blue/green).
4. An elephant is a ………….animal (big/small).
5. We like to read an …………. story (dull/interesting).
6. We like to wear …………. clothes in summer (light/heavy).
7. Our rooms must be …………. (dark/airy).
8. The trees were blown away by a ……….. wind (strong/slow).


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